GET /freshly-pressed/

List Freshly Pressed Posts

Resource URL

Type URL and Format
GET https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1/freshly-pressed/

Query Parameters

Parameter Type Description
http_envelope (bool)
false:
(default)
true:
Some environments (like in-browser Javascript or Flash) block or divert responses with a non-200 HTTP status code. Setting this parameter will force the HTTP status code to always be 200. The JSON response is wrapped in an "envelope" containing the "real" HTTP status code and headers.
pretty (bool)
false:
(default)
true:
Output pretty JSON
meta (string) Optional. Loads data from the endpoints found in the 'meta' part of the response. Comma separated list. Example: meta=site,likes
fields (string) Optional. Returns specified fields only. Comma separated list. Example: fields=ID,title
callback (string) An optional JSONP callback function.
number (int) The number of posts to return. Default: 10. Limit: 40. Default: 10.
after (iso 8601 datetime) Return posts picked on or after the specified datetime.
before (iso 8601 datetime) Return posts picked on or before the specified datetime.
content_width (int) When in context=display, images/embeds in post content will be set to the desired maximum width. Default: 480.
thumb_width (int) Desired width of thumbnail images, in pixels. Default: 252.
thumb_height (int) Desired height of thumbnail images, in pixels. Default: 160.

Response Parameters

Parameter Type Description
ID (int) The post ID.
site_ID (int) The site ID.
author (object) The author of the post.
date (iso 8601 datetime) The post's creation time.
modified (iso 8601 datetime) The post's most recent update time.
title (html) context dependent.
URL (url) The full permalink URL to the post.
short_URL (url) The wp.me short URL.
content (html) context dependent.
excerpt (html) context dependent.
slug (string) The name (slug) for the post, used in URLs.
guid (string) The GUID for the post.
status (string)
publish:
The post is published.
draft:
The post is saved as a draft.
pending:
The post is pending editorial approval.
private:
The post is published privately
future:
The post is scheduled for future publishing.
trash:
The post is in the trash.
auto-draft:
The post is a placeholder for a new post.
sticky (bool) Is the post sticky?
password (string) The plaintext password protecting the post, or, more likely, the empty string if the post is not password protected.
parent (object|false) A reference to the post's parent, if it has one.
type (string) The post's post_type. Post types besides post, page and revision need to be whitelisted using the rest_api_allowed_post_types filter.
comments_open (bool) Is the post open for comments?
pings_open (bool) Is the post open for pingbacks, trackbacks?
likes_enabled (bool) Is the post open to likes?
sharing_enabled (bool) Should sharing buttons show on this post?
comment_count (int) The number of comments for this post.
like_count (int) The number of likes for this post.
i_like (bool) Does the current user like this post?
is_reblogged (bool) Did the current user reblog this post?
is_following (bool) Is the current user following this blog?
global_ID (string) A unique WordPress.com-wide representation of a post.
featured_image (url) The URL to the featured image for this post if it has one.
post_thumbnail (object) The attachment object for the featured image if it has one.
format (string)
standard:
Standard
aside:
Aside
chat:
Chat
gallery:
Gallery
link:
Link
image:
Image
quote:
Quote
status:
Status
video:
Video
audio:
Audio
geo (object|false)
publicize_URLs (array) Array of Twitter and Facebook URLs published by this post.
tags (object) Hash of tags (keyed by tag name) applied to the post.
categories (object) Hash of categories (keyed by category name) applied to the post.
attachments (object) Hash of post attachments (keyed by attachment ID).
metadata (array) Array of post metadata keys and values. All unprotected meta keys are available by default for read requests. Both unprotected and protected meta keys are available for authenticated requests with access. Protected meta keys can be made available with the rest_api_allowed_public_metadata filter.
meta (object) API result meta data
date_range (object) date range covered by current results.
number (int) The number of posts brought back by current query.
posts (array) An array of post objects, with added Freshly Pressed info, in the editorial property for each post.

Example

cURL

curl 'https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1/freshly-pressed/?pretty=1'

PHP

<?php

$options  = array (
  'http' => 
  array (
    'ignore_errors' => true,
  ),
);

$context  = stream_context_create( $options );
$response = file_get_contents(
  'https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1/freshly-pressed/?pretty=1',
  false,
  $context
);
$response = json_decode( $response );

?>

Response Body

{
    "date_range": {
        "newest": "2014-10-20T18:02:01+00:00",
        "oldest": "2014-10-17T21:43:37+00:00"
    },
    "number": 10,
    "posts": [
        {
            "ID": 1544,
            "site_ID": 16181739,
            "author": {
                "ID": 16792400,
                "login": "georgeparkin",
                "email": false,
                "name": "Geo Parkin",
                "nice_name": "georgeparkin",
                "URL": "http:\/\/drawstringblog.wordpress.com",
                "avatar_URL": "https:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/10e2c408169aedbe0cb7fcb1364c79ec?s=96&d=identicon&r=G",
                "profile_URL": "http:\/\/en.gravatar.com\/georgeparkin",
                "site_ID": 16181739
            },
            "date": "2014-10-14T11:02:45+00:00",
            "modified": "2014-10-14T11:02:45+00:00",
            "title": "Sixty Reasons.",
            "URL": "http:\/\/drawstringblog.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/14\/sixty-reasons\/",
            "short_URL": "http:\/\/wp.me\/p15TBN-oU",
            "content": "<p>It was my friend Justin&#8217;s 60th birthday last week.\u00a0You know \u2013 the chap with the chalet in La Clusaz where the self-styled &#8216;Sonneteers&#8217; gather for their annual ski trip? That&#8217;s the fella.<\/p>\n<p>Anyway, earlier in the year some of his other friends sounded me out on the possibility of commissioning a\u00a0bespoke illustration as a birthday present. I was happy to take it on \u2013 there was plenty of time to fit it in and these private projects usually provide tons\u00a0of artistic freedom and can\u00a0be a lot of fun.\u00a0I decided early on to go for a format I&#8217;ve used before\u00a0when making birthday images for members of my family:\u00a0a visual compilation of\u00a0items of significance to the recipient, arranged in\u00a0a grid of squares corresponding to the landmark age in question and headed &#8216;x reasons to be cheerful at x&#8217; (where x = the relevant age).\u00a0Make sense?<\/p>\n<p>The\u00a0x-factor\u00a0this time round\u00a0was, however, significantly higher\u00a0than on those previous occasions&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>Any project like this requires a very methodical approach and before any sketching could start, we needed to compile a list. I jotted down\u00a0a few initial ideas but they fell\u00a0well short of the requisite sixty. Try it yourself \u2013 it&#8217;s tricky, even for someone you know well. Fortunately, some of the others had known Justin since University days\u00a0and were able to provide plenty of anecdotal inspiration\u00a0and even a few extremely useful reference snaps. With the final list complete, I then found myself somewhat masochistically dividing it\u00a0into separate topographical\u00a0categories after\u00a0I spotted that most of the sixty items\u00a0would lend themselves to being placed\u00a0into\u00a0a particular section of an underlying background\u00a0landscape. This in turn led to the eventual layout\u00a0in\u00a0which a\u00a0scenic backdrop is anchored to a tightly-structured grid, with individual items alternately boxed-in or placed within the context of the background. Once the tortured logistics of all this had been worked out, the actual content\u00a0thankfully fell into place with relative ease.<\/p>\n<p>Here&#8217;s\u00a0how it evolved. First off, the aforementioned grid; this provided the scaffolding for everything that followed. Boring but essential for a piece as complex as this:<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-layoutlo-res.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1550\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-layoutlo-res.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Basic CMYK\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>This is the final rough sketch, after all the content had been fine-tuned and agreed on:<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-sketchrevised1.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1543\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-sketchrevised1.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-sketch(revised)\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>I then produced a basic, minimally-detailed background in Illustrator:<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-backgroundlo-res.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1551\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-backgroundlo-res.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-background(lo-res)\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>&#8230;followed by line artwork, drawn in six sections using SketchBookPro on the Cintiq. Dividing it up like this keeps the file size down and ensures\u00a0a snappier performance\u00a0from the software:\u00a0<a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section1.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1535\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section1.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section1\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>Here you can see the rough sketch with its opacity reduced, and the line artwork traced over on a separate layer:\u00a0<a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section2.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1536\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section2.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section2\"   \/><\/a><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section3.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1537\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section3.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section3\"   \/><\/a><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section4.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1538\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section4.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section4\"   \/><\/a><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section5.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1539\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section5.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section5\"   \/><\/a><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section6.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1540\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-linework_section6.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th-Linework_section6\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>The various elements were\u00a0then\u00a0assembled in Photoshop, with colour and typographic content (created in Illustrator)\u00a0added on separate\u00a0layers.\u00a0Keep clicking image below to enlarge for a detailed look:<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60thforblog.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1542\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60thforblog.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin's_60th(forBlog)\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>Finally, here&#8217;s the birthday boy with the finished item, gicl\u00e9e printed on textured art paper and simply framed in white. I&#8217;m pleased to say it was enthusiastically received and came as a complete surprise to him; everyone involved had kept impressively schtum.<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justinpic.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-full wp-image-1546\" src=\"https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justinpic.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Justin+Pic\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n",
            "excerpt": "<p>It was my friend Justin&#8217;s 60th birthday last week.\u00a0You know \u2013 the chap with the chalet in La Clusaz where the self-styled &#8216;Sonneteers&#8217; gather for their annual ski trip? That&#8217;s the fella. Anyway, earlier in the year some of his other friends sounded me out on the possibility of commissioning a\u00a0bespoke illustration as a birthday [&hellip;]<\/p>\n",
            "slug": "sixty-reasons",
            "guid": "http:\/\/drawstringblog.wordpress.com\/?p=1544",
            "status": "publish",
            "sticky": false,
            "password": "",
            "parent": false,
            "type": "post",
            "comments_open": true,
            "pings_open": true,
            "likes_enabled": true,
            "sharing_enabled": true,
            "comment_count": 2,
            "like_count": 12,
            "i_like": 0,
            "is_reblogged": 0,
            "is_following": 0,
            "global_ID": "25c882d562673068f62d44485581cbb5",
            "featured_image": "",
            "post_thumbnail": null,
            "format": "standard",
            "geo": false,
            "publicize_URLs": [

            ],
            "tags": {
                "birthday": {
                    "ID": 5129,
                    "name": "birthday",
                    "slug": "birthday",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 3,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:birthday",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:birthday\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "cartoon": {
                    "ID": 20587,
                    "name": "cartoon",
                    "slug": "cartoon",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 13,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:cartoon",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:cartoon\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "french alps": {
                    "ID": 680377,
                    "name": "french alps",
                    "slug": "french-alps",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 5,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:french-alps",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:french-alps\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "gicl\u00e9e prints": {
                    "ID": 704651,
                    "name": "gicl\u00e9e prints",
                    "slug": "giclee-prints",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 5,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:giclee-prints",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:giclee-prints\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "holiday": {
                    "ID": 8853,
                    "name": "holiday",
                    "slug": "holiday",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 11,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:holiday",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:holiday\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "illustration": {
                    "ID": 4225,
                    "name": "illustration",
                    "slug": "illustration",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 51,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:illustration",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:illustration\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "illustrator": {
                    "ID": 1616,
                    "name": "illustrator",
                    "slug": "illustrator",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 37,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:illustrator",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:illustrator\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "photoshop": {
                    "ID": 1615,
                    "name": "photoshop",
                    "slug": "photoshop",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 34,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:photoshop",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:photoshop\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "present": {
                    "ID": 2849,
                    "name": "present",
                    "slug": "present",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:present",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:present\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "SketchBook Pro": {
                    "ID": 1459062,
                    "name": "SketchBook Pro",
                    "slug": "sketchbook-pro",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 12,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:sketchbook-pro",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:sketchbook-pro\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "skiing": {
                    "ID": 23966,
                    "name": "skiing",
                    "slug": "skiing",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 9,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:skiing",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:skiing\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "snow": {
                    "ID": 20341,
                    "name": "snow",
                    "slug": "snow",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 6,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:snow",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:snow\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Sonneteers": {
                    "ID": 4324340,
                    "name": "Sonneteers",
                    "slug": "sonneteers",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:sonneteers",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:sonneteers\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Wacom Cintiq": {
                    "ID": 3022836,
                    "name": "Wacom Cintiq",
                    "slug": "wacom-cintiq",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 10,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:wacom-cintiq",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/tags\/slug:wacom-cintiq\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                }
            },
            "categories": {
                "Uncategorized": {
                    "ID": 1,
                    "name": "Uncategorized",
                    "slug": "uncategorized",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 177,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/categories\/slug:uncategorized",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739\/categories\/slug:uncategorized\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/16181739"
                        }
                    }
                }
            },
            "attachments": {
                "1551": {
                    "ID": 1551,
                    "URL": "https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-backgroundlo-res.jpg",
                    "guid": "http:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-backgroundlo-res.jpg",
                    "mime_type": "image\/jpeg",
                    "width": 1077,
                    "height": 1417
                },
                "1550": {
                    "ID": 1550,
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                },
                "1546": {
                    "ID": 1546,
                    "URL": "https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justinpic.jpg",
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                    "mime_type": "image\/jpeg",
                    "width": 788,
                    "height": 1181
                },
                "1543": {
                    "ID": 1543,
                    "URL": "https:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-sketchrevised1.jpg",
                    "guid": "http:\/\/drawstringblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/justins_60th-sketchrevised1.jpg",
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                },
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            "metadata": [
                {
                    "id": "4203",
                    "key": "geo_public",
                    "value": "0"
                },
                {
                    "id": "4222",
                    "key": "_wpas_done_520891",
                    "value": "1"
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            "content": "<p>This post is about part of the creative process that I seldom, if ever, see discussed.\u00a0 Probably because it&#8217;s unpleasant.\u00a0 Probably because it doesn&#8217;t make for good copy.\u00a0 Probably, because it is <em>not shiny<\/em>.<\/p>\n<p>This post is about the dirty little secret that underpins all creative endeavour.<\/p>\n<p>Would you like to know what it is?<\/p>\n<p>Let me tell you a story&#8230;<\/p>\n<p><img class=\"aligncenter  wp-image-3717\" src=\"https:\/\/jrad47.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/storms.jpg?w=604&#038;h=453\" alt=\"Storms\" width=\"604\" height=\"453\" \/><\/p>\n<p>Early last week, I was<em> not<\/em> a happy bunny&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>I was grumpy.\u00a0 Morose.\u00a0 Frustrated.\u00a0 Darkness had snuck into my life thru an open window and, with every passing day, sought to obscure my view of the sun a little more.\u00a0 This feeling had built slowly, like the rising pressure in a diving bell, until it was almost a physical sensation.\u00a0 A deep, heavy and iron-wrought constipation of the spirit.\u00a0 World-sized, and growing worse by the hour&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>Actually, wait a sec.\u00a0 It started before that.\u00a0 Let&#8217;s back up&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>A little while before the blackness began to ensue I had started recording sessions for a new piece of music, centered around the cello.\u00a0 The problem was, I hadn&#8217;t recorded cello before.\u00a0 Ever.\u00a0 And, try as I might, I couldn&#8217;t find the right way to coax the music I was making out of the air and onto the hard drive.\u00a0 Something was constantly being lost in translation.\u00a0 No matter how long, or how thoroughly I searched, I couldn&#8217;t find the bridge across the river.\u00a0 Each day I would sketch out a new route, and each day I would again be turned away, thwarted and unproductive.\u00a0 As the aborted attempts began to pile up, I started to feel more and more clogged&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>It got to the point that the feeling was an almost physical pain.\u00a0 Which sounds like a totally sappy thing to say, but it&#8217;s true nonetheless.\u00a0 An infinite, stubborn and leering cramp of the soul.<\/p>\n<p>But, (and here is the rub) it truthfully didn&#8217;t worry me.\u00a0 <em>At all<\/em>.\u00a0 In fact, on some level, I had even been expecting it.\u00a0 Why?\u00a0 Because <em>this is not my first rodeo<\/em>.<\/p>\n<p>Over the many years I have been making art, I have noticed there is a repeating emotional pattern that runs in parallel to the process of creating and finishing stuff.\u00a0 Before I: have a breakthru, finish making something cool, or level-up in some fashion, I get this certain feeling.\u00a0 Like the pressure of a building storm.\u00a0 Like nothing is working, everything is slowing down.\u00a0 Like nothing is good.\u00a0 This feeling is a creative constant.\u00a0 And it occurs at some point in the process, <em>every single time<\/em>.<\/p>\n<p>It&#8217;s not a good feeling.\u00a0 In fact it&#8217;s downright unpleasant.\u00a0 At the time, the most natural thing to do seems to be: to move away, to medicate, to escape or get angry.\u00a0 To do anything to just <em>make it stop<\/em>.\u00a0 Anything for surcease.<\/p>\n<p>But the truth is: in art, as in life, <em>not everything unpleasant is necessarily bad<\/em>.\u00a0 This is an <em>absolutely crucial distinction<\/em>.\u00a0 Whether it be in reference to art, physical exercise, a relationship, or <em>anything<\/em> else, one of the most priceless jewels offered up by experience is the real, hard-won knowledge that, sometimes: <strong>unpleasant is <em>necessary<\/em><\/strong>.<\/p>\n<p>Sometimes, it&#8217;s just part of the process.\u00a0 And No Big Deal.<\/p>\n<p>And so I just kept doing the work.\u00a0 Then, last Friday, I woke, sketched out a different path, and began my practice.<\/p>\n<p>And found myself standing on the other side of the river. <span class='wp-smiley wp-emoji wp-emoji-wink' title=';-)'>;-)<\/span><\/p>\n<p>(If you follow me on twitter you probably saw me raving about it. If not, then here it is in all it&#8217;s twittery glory:)<\/p>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>Today in the studio a really beautiful thing happened.  I had been trying to do something for a while, to record in a certain way&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005005600739328\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>&#8230;and it wasn&#39;t happening.  Each day I would sketch out a different route to my target, and each day, something would turn me back&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005185918070784\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>&#8230;today I was tired, and a little overwhelmed.  But still I sketched out a path and began to walk it&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005338196463617\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>&#8230;and, as if by magic, everything seemed to come together. What had seemed hard, and untenable before become joyous and effortless&#8230;<\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005568950288384\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>&#8230;it was one of the most important breakthroughs I&#39;ve had in my whole life of doing music.<\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005730808467456\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" width=\"480\">\n<p>&#8230;And I think that I&#39;ll get to share it with you.  Very very soon. ;-)&#10;Hope you&#39;re all doing well.&#10;<a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/hashtag\/Grateful?src=hash\">#Grateful<\/a><\/p>\n<p>&mdash; James Radcliffe (@JamesRadcliffe) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/JamesRadcliffe\/status\/521005937516363776\">October 11, 2014<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<p>The process of making art is no great thing of mystery.\u00a0 Keep showing up.\u00a0 Keep doing the work <em>no matter how you feel<\/em>.\u00a0 Keep finishing things, and keep starting new things.\u00a0 If you work hard and well you <em>will<\/em> get better.\u00a0 This is what it means to be a working artist.\u00a0 This is the job.<\/p>\n<p>The music I am making now is very new.\u00a0 And very different.\u00a0 I am going to be talking about it in greater depth soon, when I know for sure what it is.\u00a0 And, when it&#8217;s done, I promise you&#8217;ll get to hear it.<\/p>\n<p>Until then: Thanks for reading this, I hope you get something from it, and I wish you well.<\/p>\n<p>- J<\/p>\n<hr \/>\n<p><strong>Another Thing:<\/strong><\/p>\n<p>My name is James Radcliffe and I am a 100% Listener Supported Independent Musician.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\"><a style=\"color:#0000ff;\" href=\"http:\/\/jamesradcliffemusic.com\/album\/i\" target=\"_blank\">Click This Link to Buy My Album<\/a><\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\">Because: you <em>need it<\/em>, you <em>want it<\/em>, or you <em>want to support<\/em> what I do. <span class='wp-smiley wp-emoji wp-emoji-wink' title=';-)'>;-)<\/span><\/p>\n<hr \/>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\"><strong>And Lastly:<\/strong><\/p>\n<p>If you&#8217;d like to have a more day-to-day idea of what I&#8217;m up to, or you&#8217;d like the skinny on new stuff <em>as it unfolds<\/em>, then this is the best place to find me:<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\"><code>\u00a0 <a href='http:\/\/twitter.com\/jamesradcliffe' class='twitter-follow-button' data-show-count='false'>Follow @jamesradcliffe<\/a><\/code><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n",
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            "title": "The Archive is Open",
            "URL": "http:\/\/andreamilne.com\/2014\/08\/28\/the-archive-is-open\/",
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            "content": "<p><a href=\"http:\/\/static.guim.co.uk\/sys-images\/Guardian\/Pix\/pixies\/2012\/2\/28\/1330467840404\/Secret-archives-of-the-Va-007.jpg\"><img class=\" wp-image-445 aligncenter\" src=\"https:\/\/andreamilne.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/08\/archive.jpg?w=517&#038;h=310\" alt=\"Secret archives of the Vatican\" width=\"517\" height=\"310\" \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>I walk a difficult tightrope on this blog. I want to be as authentic as humanly possible, but I\u2019m also a professor-in-training; I don\u2019t want to put anything out into the world that I would have trouble explaining to a hiring committee, to my colleagues, or to my students. So I often find myself debating the merits of a post. The problem with this particular brand of censorship is that it\u2019s entirely too fuzzy. That&#8217;s because I haven\u2019t articulated to <em>myself<\/em> what constitutes fair game.<\/p>\n<p>Just now I found myself sitting in front of my computer for a good ten minutes, contemplating the merits of writing a deeply personal post. While this kind of introspection is a good thing generally, SMDS is first and foremost a <em>personal blog<\/em>. My logic is simple: teaching difficult material is often the best way to learn that material. I blog about becoming the best scholar and person one possibly\u00a0can because it\u2019s something I want for myself, something that requires daily work and a willingness to open oneself up to new possibilities.<\/p>\n<p>That\u2019s why\u2014after much hemming and hawing\u2014I\u2019ve decided to talk about what\u2019s happening tomorrow. It\u2019s a routine procedure, but as with most medical procedures, there\u2019s nothing routine about it for me, the patient.<\/p>\n<p>Tomorrow I am going to go to an imaging center, where a complete stranger is going to jab a very large needle into my hip, large enough that it needs to be guided by an X-ray. She or he will then inject contrast fluid into said hip, which\u2014in addition to making abnormalities in the tissue easier to see\u2014will actually push the ball and socket further apart. This is good for imaging purposes, but it feels pretty darned uncomfortable. Imagine a basketball getting filled with air\u2026 in your groin. It feels about as odd as that simile reads.<\/p>\n<p>Since the giant needle\u2019s is already positioned, and my mobility has been been seriously compromised by pain over the past few months, my surgeon\u2019s decided that the dye injected into my leg should\u00a0be followed by a cortisone chaser. He hasn&#8217;t diagnosed me yet (he needs to gaze deep into\u00a0my basketball groin to do that)\u00a0so we don\u2019t know that cortisone will actually make a difference. It\u2019s worth a shot. It also means, however, that by the time I waddle into the room with the MRI, I&#8217;ll be a human water balloon.<\/p>\n<p>That, friends, is all considered &#8220;prep.&#8221; But take it from me, after that kind of prep, an\u00a0MRI is decidedly anti-climactic. A claustrophobic metal tube that yells it&#8217;s strange language at you for an hour? Yawn.<\/p>\n<p>I was seventeen the first time I had an MRI Arthrogram. I cried after the doctors injected the contrast <em>not <\/em>because I was in pain (which I was) but because I felt violated.<\/p>\n<p>Not only had my personal space been invaded in a pretty epic way, with an equally epic needle, but in a matter of a minute or so I experienced a new and foreign kind of pain, in a part of my body where pain had never before existed. I\u2019ve had two MRAs in my life, and as best I can tell, that extreme sense of dislocation from one\u2019s own body is something that one only experiences <em>once<\/em> in their life. After that, your relationship with your body changes. I can\u2019t quite articulate <em>how <\/em>it changes, but it does.<\/p>\n<p>Tonight, I\u2019m scared. It&#8217;s a very routine procedure, I&#8217;ve been through much worse, and I\u2019ll be completely fine once I\u2019m on the table, but tonight, I\u2019m scared. I know exactly what\u2019s going to happen to me, and I know that, in a couple of days, the chances are good I\u2019ll feel a little better. But\u2014because I know exactly what\u2019s going to happen to me\u2014I also know that it\u2019s going to feel worse before it feels better. My hip hurts more today than it has in weeks; I can almost feel the basketball inflating.<\/p>\n<p>I\u2019ve long suggested, as have others, that the body is an archive that historians can, and should, read. This is not a unique opinion. In moments like this, though, I realize the body\u2019s archival potential anew. Certainly part of the fear I&#8217;m experiencing comes from anticipating\u00a0pain, from knowing all the ways the procedure could potentially go wrong, and from\u00a0the fact that ahead of me lies\u00a0a diagnosis and treatment plan that, for once, I <em>can\u2019t <\/em>discern ahead of time. While I can\u2019t conquer those fears, I can suppress them, because my rational self is aware that nothing that happens to me now will be as difficult or as painful as the surgeries I\u2019ve already endured.<\/p>\n<p>What I can\u2019t do is close the archive. I became an historian of patient advocacy because it was the best and most fulfilling way to instrumentalize difficult memories, to use them as tools to better our understanding of the human condition. Pain is not so easily harnessed. Narcotic medication is no match for the narrative unfurling inside of me at this moment. 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            "date": "2014-10-15T09:53:56-04:00",
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            "title": "Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition",
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            "content": "<p><strong><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Photos by Marco Ugarte<\/span><\/strong><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Since their arrival aboard Spanish ships in the 1500s, horses have been part of the story of the New World. In Mexico, there is perhaps no better representative of the country&#8217;s combined cultures and history than the horse trained for &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Horses competing in this embellished display of skills once necessary to ranch life, must be agile, well-tempered and intelligent \u2014 able to execute the commands of their charros, the horsemen whose traditional riding suits and wide-brimmed sombreros are part of the cultural iconography.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">For the charro, his horse is as inseparable from himself as it is from the history of Mexico.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">&#8220;We were conquered by horses, we gained our independence with horses, we made our Revolution with horses and we continue to love horses,&#8221; said Daniel Flores Yeverino.<\/span><\/p>\n<hr \/>\n<div class=\"tiled-gallery type-rectangular tiled-gallery-unresized\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-carousel-extra='{&quot;blog_id&quot;:63916271,&quot;permalink&quot;:&quot;http:\\\/\\\/blog.apimages.com\\\/2014\\\/10\\\/15\\\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\\\/&quot;,&quot;likes_blog_id&quot;:63916271}' > <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 329px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"329\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 329px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"329\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-large\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/daniel-flores-yeverino-4\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9122\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap585989836711_0.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1246,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Sept. 24, 2014 photo, charro Daniel Flores, 73, sits next to Tehuis, his 34-year-old horse, at a corral in southern Mexico City. For the charro, a Mexican cowboy, his horse is as inseparable from himself as it is from the history of Mexico. \\u0022We were conquered by horses, we gained our independence with horses, we made our Revolution with horses and we continue to love horses,\\u0022 said Flores. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;-2091335796&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Daniel Flores Yeverino&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Sept. 24, 2014 photo, charro Daniel Flores, 73, sits next to Tehuis, his 34-year-old horse, at a corral in southern Mexico City. For the charro, a Mexican cowboy, his horse is as inseparable from himself as it is from the history of Mexico. &#8220;We were conquered by horses, we gained our independence with horses, we made our Revolution with horses and we continue to love horses,&#8221; said Flores. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap585989836711_0.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap585989836711_0.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap585989836711_0.jpg?w=476&#038;h=325&#038;crop=1\" width=\"476\" height=\"325\" data-original-width=\"476\" data-original-height=\"325\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 476px; height: 325px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <\/div>\n<hr \/>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">The 73-year-old Flores, who began learning the skills of a charro when he was about 5 years old, continues to participate in charreria tournaments, where riders compete in riding and roping events. His father and grandfather were charros, and his children and grandchildren have followed the path.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Just as charreria is a combination of Old World and New World influences, the horse preferred by charros is itself a combined breed: the American Quarter Horse, which descends from European thoroughbreds and the &#8220;native&#8221; horses derived from the various stocks brought by the Conquistadors. Other breeds such as Arabians are viewed as too high-strung for the demands of charreria.<\/span><\/p>\n<hr \/>\n<div class=\"tiled-gallery type-rectangular tiled-gallery-unresized\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-carousel-extra='{&quot;blog_id&quot;:63916271,&quot;permalink&quot;:&quot;http:\\\/\\\/blog.apimages.com\\\/2014\\\/10\\\/15\\\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\\\/&quot;,&quot;likes_blog_id&quot;:63916271}' > <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 336px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"336\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 336px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"336\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-large\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-5\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9116\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap247398427679_3.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1221,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, 4-year-old patient Saul Valverde kisses Andariego, a 19-year-old veteran horse that retired from \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Andariego now works as a therapy horse, helping children with special needs. In Mexico, the career of the charro horse usually runs about 10 to 12 years. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409064778&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, 4-year-old patient Saul Valverde kisses Andariego, a 19-year-old veteran horse that retired from &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Andariego now works as a therapy horse, helping children with special needs. In Mexico, the career of the charro horse usually runs about 10 to 12 years. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap247398427679_3.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap247398427679_3.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap247398427679_3.jpg?w=476&#038;h=332&#038;crop=1\" width=\"476\" height=\"332\" data-original-width=\"476\" data-original-height=\"332\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 476px; height: 332px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <\/div>\n<hr \/>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Horses begin training for charreria at age 3. In Mexico, the career of charro horse runs about a dozen years \u2014 15 if it is cared for particularly well, Flores said. Calm demeanor and strength are prized over lightning speed.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Horses can live another 20 years after their charreria days. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. The lucky ones find second careers in breeding or as therapy horses.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">One former charro horse, Pollito, works with therapist Columba Ortega to help children who suffer from emotional trauma or physical disabilities.<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">&#8220;The charro really loved this horse, but he didn&#8217;t want it to fall into the wrong hands,&#8221; Ortega said. &#8220;He didn&#8217;t want anyone to mistreat it.&#8221;<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">To read more, visit <a href=\"http:\/\/bigstory.ap.org\/article\/88cea41f304841959afc6f9c0b0a10fb\/mexico-celebrates-its-charro-horse-tradition\" target=\"_blank\">AP&#8217;s Big Story<\/a>.<\/span><\/p>\n<hr \/>\n<p><em><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Click on any image to view the\u00a0Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition gallery.\u00a0<\/span><\/em><\/p>\n<div class=\"tiled-gallery type-rectangular tiled-gallery-unresized\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-carousel-extra='{&quot;blog_id&quot;:63916271,&quot;permalink&quot;:&quot;http:\\\/\\\/blog.apimages.com\\\/2014\\\/10\\\/15\\\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\\\/&quot;,&quot;likes_blog_id&quot;:63916271}' > <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 215px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"215\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 324px; height: 215px;\" data-original-width=\"324\" data-original-height=\"215\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-large\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/aptopix-mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-3\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9128\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap959243006226_4.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1292,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, 4-year-old patient Saul Valverde rides lying on the back of Andariego, a 19-year-old veteran horse retired from \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Andariego now works as a therapy horse, helping children with special needs. Horses can live another 20 years after their rodeo days. The lucky ones find second careers in breeding or as therapy horses. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409064804&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;APTOPIX Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, 4-year-old patient Saul Valverde rides lying on the back of Andariego, a 19-year-old veteran horse retired from &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Andariego now works as a therapy horse, helping children with special needs. Horses can live another 20 years after their rodeo days. The lucky ones find second careers in breeding or as therapy horses. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap959243006226_4.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap959243006226_4.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap959243006226_4.jpg?w=320&#038;h=211&#038;crop=1\" width=\"320\" height=\"211\" data-original-width=\"320\" data-original-height=\"211\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 320px; height: 211px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-2\" style=\"width: 156px; height: 215px;\" data-original-width=\"156\" data-original-height=\"215\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-7\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9118\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap483781657059_10.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1277,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Mexican cowboy or charro Dario Flores prepares to ride his horse Blue Diamond, during a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. Since their arrival aboard Spanish ships in the 1500s, horses have been part of the story of the New World. In Mexico, there is perhaps no better representative of the country\\u00ccs combined cultures and history than the horse trained for \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496788&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Mexican cowboy or charro Dario Flores prepares to ride his horse Blue Diamond, during a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. Since their arrival aboard Spanish ships in the 1500s, horses have been part of the story of the New World. In Mexico, there is perhaps no better representative of the country\u00ccs combined cultures and history than the horse trained for &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap483781657059_10.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap483781657059_10.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap483781657059_10.jpg?w=152&#038;h=101&#038;crop=1\" width=\"152\" height=\"101\" data-original-width=\"152\" data-original-height=\"101\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 152px; height: 101px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-9\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9121\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap584991753405_5.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1221,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Dario Flores prepares his attire and gear in preparation for a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. There\\u0027s meaning behind every component of the costumes worn by charros, made with layers of leather, colorful fabrics, adorned with intricate silver buttons, embroidery, sequins and or beading. Even the sculptural iron spurs are decorated with tooled and stamped silver. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496801&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Dario Flores prepares his attire and gear in preparation for a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. There&#8217;s meaning behind every component of the costumes worn by charros, made with layers of leather, colorful fabrics, adorned with intricate silver buttons, embroidery, sequins and or beading. Even the sculptural iron spurs are decorated with tooled and stamped silver. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap584991753405_5.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap584991753405_5.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap584991753405_5.jpg?w=152&#038;h=106&#038;crop=1\" width=\"152\" height=\"106\" data-original-width=\"152\" data-original-height=\"106\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 152px; height: 106px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 321px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"321\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-2\" style=\"width: 239px; height: 321px;\" data-original-width=\"239\" data-original-height=\"321\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-3\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9113\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap94368124694_17.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1272,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Oct. 4, 2014 photo, pulling on Tiburon\\u0027s reigns to stop him, a man rides his garbage collection cart in Nezahualcoyotl, a neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. According to his owner Tiburon is a former horse trained for \\u00eccharreria,\\u00ee the Mexican version of a rodeo. Horses can live another 20 years after their charreria days. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1412434375&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Oct. 4, 2014 photo, pulling on Tiburon&#8217;s reigns to stop him, a man rides his garbage collection cart in Nezahualcoyotl, a neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. According to his owner Tiburon is a former horse trained for &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo. Horses can live another 20 years after their charreria days. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap94368124694_17.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap94368124694_17.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap94368124694_17.jpg?w=235&#038;h=157&#038;crop=1\" width=\"235\" height=\"157\" data-original-width=\"235\" data-original-height=\"157\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 235px; height: 157px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/daniel-flores-yeverino-2\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9110\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap59618489549_151.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1277,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Mexican cowboy or charro Daniel Flores, 73, holds a photo of his younger self, dressed in full charro attire with his three sons; Dario, from left, Daniel and Leonardo, at his home in Mexico City. There\\u0027s meaning behind every component of the costumes worn by charros, made with layers of leather, colorful fabrics, adorned with intricate silver buttons, embroidery, sequins and or beading. Even the sculptural iron spurs are decorated with tooled and stamped silver. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1411570382&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Daniel Flores Yeverino&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Mexican cowboy or charro Daniel Flores, 73, holds a photo of his younger self, dressed in full charro attire with his three sons; Dario, from left, Daniel and Leonardo, at his home in Mexico City. There&#8217;s meaning behind every component of the costumes worn by charros, made with layers of leather, colorful fabrics, adorned with intricate silver buttons, embroidery, sequins and or beading. Even the sculptural iron spurs are decorated with tooled and stamped silver. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap59618489549_151.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap59618489549_151.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap59618489549_151.jpg?w=235&#038;h=156&#038;crop=1\" width=\"235\" height=\"156\" data-original-width=\"235\" data-original-height=\"156\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 235px; height: 156px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 241px; height: 321px;\" data-original-width=\"241\" data-original-height=\"321\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/aptopix-mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9114\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap123812590302_8.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"637,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Eric Fierro, 16, practices for an upcoming \\u00eccharreria,\\u00ee the Mexican version of a rodeo, on his horse Gavilan at a corral in southern Mexico City. Since their arrival aboard Spanish ships in the 1500s, horses have been part of the story of the New World. In Mexico, there is perhaps no better representative of the country\\u0027s combined cultures and history than the horse trained for charreria. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496802&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;APTOPIX Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Eric Fierro, 16, practices for an upcoming &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, on his horse Gavilan at a corral in southern Mexico City. Since their arrival aboard Spanish ships in the 1500s, horses have been part of the story of the New World. In Mexico, there is perhaps no better representative of the country&#8217;s combined cultures and history than the horse trained for charreria. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap123812590302_8.jpg?w=224\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap123812590302_8.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap123812590302_8.jpg?w=237&#038;h=317&#038;crop=1\" width=\"237\" height=\"317\" data-original-width=\"237\" data-original-height=\"317\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 237px; height: 317px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 161px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"161\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 236px; height: 161px;\" data-original-width=\"236\" data-original-height=\"161\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-4\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9115\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap244991045678_7.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1256,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Dario Flores adjusts his spur as he readies for a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. \\u0022Charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, consists of several equestrian competitions wearing specific attires as well as elaborate saddles and other horse trappings. It is a big part of Mexico\\u0027s national identity, art and culture. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496793&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Dario Flores adjusts his spur as he readies for a practice session at a corral in Mexico City. &#8220;Charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, consists of several equestrian competitions wearing specific attires as well as elaborate saddles and other horse trappings. It is a big part of Mexico&#8217;s national identity, art and culture. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap244991045678_7.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap244991045678_7.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap244991045678_7.jpg?w=232&#038;h=157&#038;crop=1\" width=\"232\" height=\"157\" data-original-width=\"232\" data-original-height=\"157\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 232px; height: 157px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 244px; height: 161px;\" data-original-width=\"244\" data-original-height=\"161\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-8\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9119\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap524415069857_16.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1303,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Dario Flores practices \\u0022cala de caballo,\\u0022 or \\u0022horse reining\\u0022 on his horse AG Commander, at a corral in Mexico City. \\u0022Charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, is Mexico\\u0027s official national sport which consists of several equestrian competitions wearing specific attires as well as elaborate saddles and other horse trappings. It is a big part of Mexico\\u0027s national identity, art and culture. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1412175242&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Dario Flores practices &#8220;cala de caballo,&#8221; or &#8220;horse reining&#8221; on his horse AG Commander, at a corral in Mexico City. &#8220;Charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, is Mexico&#8217;s official national sport which consists of several equestrian competitions wearing specific attires as well as elaborate saddles and other horse trappings. It is a big part of Mexico&#8217;s national identity, art and culture. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap524415069857_16.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap524415069857_16.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap524415069857_16.jpg?w=240&#038;h=157&#038;crop=1\" width=\"240\" height=\"157\" data-original-width=\"240\" data-original-height=\"157\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 240px; height: 157px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 158px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"158\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 245px; height: 158px;\" data-original-width=\"245\" data-original-height=\"158\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/aptopix-mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-2\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9123\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap586467818006_9.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1328,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Leonardo Flores, stands on his horse Canelito while showing off his roping skills; a move called, \\u0022florear sobre el caballo,\\u0022 during a practice session at a corral in southern Mexico City. \\u0022Charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, usually consists of nine scoring events that include horses and or cattle. It is Mexico\\u0027s official national sport as well as being part of the pride and tradition of the Mexican culture. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496783&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;APTOPIX Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, charro Leonardo Flores, stands on his horse Canelito while showing off his roping skills; a move called, &#8220;florear sobre el caballo,&#8221; during a practice session at a corral in southern Mexico City. &#8220;Charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, usually consists of nine scoring events that include horses and or cattle. It is Mexico&#8217;s official national sport as well as being part of the pride and tradition of the Mexican culture. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap586467818006_9.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap586467818006_9.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap586467818006_9.jpg?w=241&#038;h=154&#038;crop=1\" width=\"241\" height=\"154\" data-original-width=\"241\" data-original-height=\"154\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 241px; height: 154px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 235px; height: 158px;\" data-original-width=\"235\" data-original-height=\"158\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/daniel-flores-yeverino-3\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9120\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap570476531355_14.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1277,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Sept. 24, 2014 photo, charro Daniel Flores, 73, holds a book on horse breeds, at his home in Mexico City. Just as \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 or the Mexican version of a rodeo, is a combination of Old World and New World influences, the horse preferred by charros is itself a combined breed: the American Quarter Horse, which descends from European thoroughbreds and the \\u0022native\\u0022 horses derived from the various stocks brought by the Conquistadors. Other breeds such as Arabians are viewed as too high-strung for the demands of charreria. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1411570374&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Daniel Flores Yeverino&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Sept. 24, 2014 photo, charro Daniel Flores, 73, holds a book on horse breeds, at his home in Mexico City. Just as &#8220;charreria,&#8221; or the Mexican version of a rodeo, is a combination of Old World and New World influences, the horse preferred by charros is itself a combined breed: the American Quarter Horse, which descends from European thoroughbreds and the &#8220;native&#8221; horses derived from the various stocks brought by the Conquistadors. Other breeds such as Arabians are viewed as too high-strung for the demands of charreria. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap570476531355_14.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap570476531355_14.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap570476531355_14.jpg?w=231&#038;h=154&#038;crop=1\" width=\"231\" height=\"154\" data-original-width=\"231\" data-original-height=\"154\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 231px; height: 154px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 308px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"308\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 250px; height: 308px;\" data-original-width=\"250\" data-original-height=\"308\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9111\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap68474872260_12.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"851,1049\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro wearing an embroidered holster with a gun stands in front of a horse and rider during National Charro Day in Mexico City. An embellished display of skills once necessary to ranch life, this Mexican version of a rodeo features horses - agile, well-tempered and intelligent - able to execute the commands of their charros, the horsemen whose traditional riding suits and wide-brimmed sombreros are part of the cultural iconography. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1410718316&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro wearing an embroidered holster with a gun stands in front of a horse and rider during National Charro Day in Mexico City. An embellished display of skills once necessary to ranch life, this Mexican version of a rodeo features horses &#8211; agile, well-tempered and intelligent &#8211; able to execute the commands of their charros, the horsemen whose traditional riding suits and wide-brimmed sombreros are part of the cultural iconography. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap68474872260_12.jpg?w=243\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap68474872260_12.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap68474872260_12.jpg?w=246&#038;h=304&#038;crop=1\" width=\"246\" height=\"304\" data-original-width=\"246\" data-original-height=\"304\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 246px; height: 304px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-2\" style=\"width: 230px; height: 308px;\" data-original-width=\"230\" data-original-height=\"308\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-6\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9117\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap478813618817_11.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1295,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, female horsewomen or charras prepare for an Escaramuza, a women\\u0027s precision equestrian event, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Until recently the \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo was an all male event. The women compete in teams of eight, performing daring and precise exercises with musical accompaniment while riding sidesaddle. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409496786&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, female horsewomen or charras prepare for an Escaramuza, a women&#8217;s precision equestrian event, at a corral in southern Mexico City. Until recently the &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo was an all male event. The women compete in teams of eight, performing daring and precise exercises with musical accompaniment while riding sidesaddle. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap478813618817_11.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap478813618817_11.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap478813618817_11.jpg?w=226&#038;h=149&#038;crop=1\" width=\"226\" height=\"149\" data-original-width=\"226\" data-original-height=\"149\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 226px; height: 149px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-10\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9124\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap687626015656_18.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1270,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Oct. 4, 2014 photo, a man rides on his garbage collection cart pulled by Tiburon, that according to his owner is a former horse trained for \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Nezahualcoyotl, a neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Horses can live another 20 years after their charreria days. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1412434376&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Oct. 4, 2014 photo, a man rides on his garbage collection cart pulled by Tiburon, that according to his owner is a former horse trained for &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Nezahualcoyotl, a neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Horses can live another 20 years after their charreria days. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap687626015656_18.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap687626015656_18.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap687626015656_18.jpg?w=226&#038;h=151&#038;crop=1\" width=\"226\" height=\"151\" data-original-width=\"226\" data-original-height=\"151\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 226px; height: 151px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <div class=\"gallery-row\" style=\"width: 480px; height: 416px;\" data-original-width=\"480\" data-original-height=\"416\" > <div class=\"gallery-group images-1\" style=\"width: 279px; height: 416px;\" data-original-width=\"279\" data-original-height=\"416\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-large\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-11\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9125\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap690194163917_13.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"851,1277\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro performs a \\u0022piales en lienzo\\u0022, an event in which the horseman must rope a horse by the hind legs during a \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Mexico City. Charreria is Mexico\\u0027s official national sport as well as being part of the pride and tradition of the Mexican culture. Some events, especially what is known as horse tripping has been questioned by animal rights activists. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1410652800&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro performs a &#8220;piales en lienzo&#8221;, an event in which the horseman must rope a horse by the hind legs during a &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Mexico City. Charreria is Mexico&#8217;s official national sport as well as being part of the pride and tradition of the Mexican culture. Some events, especially what is known as horse tripping has been questioned by animal rights activists. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap690194163917_13.jpg?w=199\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap690194163917_13.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap690194163917_13.jpg?w=275&#038;h=412&#038;crop=1\" width=\"275\" height=\"412\" data-original-width=\"275\" data-original-height=\"412\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 275px; height: 412px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <div class=\"gallery-group images-3\" style=\"width: 201px; height: 416px;\" data-original-width=\"201\" data-original-height=\"416\" > <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/columba-ortega\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9127\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap921476053293_2.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1192,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, therapist Columba Ortega pets Pollito, a 20-year-old veteran horse retired from \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, as Tomas the sheep watches, at a corral in southern Mexico City. The former charro horse works with Ortega to help children who suffer from emotional trauma or physical disabilities. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409064780&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Columba Ortega&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, therapist Columba Ortega pets Pollito, a 20-year-old veteran horse retired from &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, as Tomas the sheep watches, at a corral in southern Mexico City. The former charro horse works with Ortega to help children who suffer from emotional trauma or physical disabilities. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap921476053293_2.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap921476053293_2.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap921476053293_2.jpg?w=197&#038;h=141&#038;crop=1\" width=\"197\" height=\"141\" data-original-width=\"197\" data-original-height=\"141\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 197px; height: 141px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-2\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9112\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap85581034327_6.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1277,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro or Mexican cowboy, attempts to bring down a bull by pulling his tail while riding on a horse; a move called \\u0022coleadero\\u0022 or \\u0022steer tailing\\u0022 during a \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Mexico City. For the charro, his horse is as inseparable from himself as it is from the history of Mexico. \\u00ecWe were conquered by horses, we gained our independence with horses, we made our Revolution with horses and we continue to love horses,\\u00ee said Daniel Flores Yeverino, 73, who began learning the skills of a charro when he was about 5 years old. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1410707052&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Sept. 14, 2014 photo, a charro or Mexican cowboy, attempts to bring down a bull by pulling his tail while riding on a horse; a move called &#8220;coleadero&#8221; or &#8220;steer tailing&#8221; during a &#8220;charreria,&#8221; the Mexican version of a rodeo, in Mexico City. For the charro, his horse is as inseparable from himself as it is from the history of Mexico. \u00ecWe were conquered by horses, we gained our independence with horses, we made our Revolution with horses and we continue to love horses,\u00ee said Daniel Flores Yeverino, 73, who began learning the skills of a charro when he was about 5 years old. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap85581034327_6.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap85581034327_6.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap85581034327_6.jpg?w=197&#038;h=131&#038;crop=1\" width=\"197\" height=\"131\" data-original-width=\"197\" data-original-height=\"131\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 197px; height: 131px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <div class=\"tiled-gallery-item tiled-gallery-item-small\"> <a href=\"http:\/\/blog.apimages.com\/2014\/10\/15\/mexicos-charro-horse-tradition\/mexico-charro-horses-photo-gallery-12\/\" border=\"0\"> <img data-attachment-id=\"9126\" data-orig-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap721928478820_1.jpg\" data-orig-size=\"1277,851\" data-comments-opened=\"1\" data-image-meta=\"{&quot;aperture&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;credit&quot;:&quot;AP&quot;,&quot;camera&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;caption&quot;:&quot;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, Pollito, a retired 20-year-old charro horse, gets a shower at a corral in southern Mexico City. Horses can live another 20 years after their \\u0022charreria,\\u0022 days - the Mexican version of a rodeo. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. The lucky ones, like Pollito, find second careers in breeding or as therapy horses. (AP Photo\\\/Marco Ugarte)&quot;,&quot;created_timestamp&quot;:&quot;1409064806&quot;,&quot;copyright&quot;:&quot;&quot;,&quot;focal_length&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;iso&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;shutter_speed&quot;:&quot;0&quot;,&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Mexico Charro Horses Photo Gallery&quot;,&quot;orientation&quot;:&quot;1&quot;}\" data-image-title=\"Mexico&#8217;s Charro Horse Tradition\" data-image-description=\"&lt;p&gt;In this Aug. 26, 2014 photo, Pollito, a retired 20-year-old charro horse, gets a shower at a corral in southern Mexico City. Horses can live another 20 years after their &#8220;charreria,&#8221; days &#8211; the Mexican version of a rodeo. Unfortunate horses may end their lives pulling rickety garbage carts through city streets or, at worst, a slaughterhouse. The lucky ones, like Pollito, find second careers in breeding or as therapy horses. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)&lt;\/p&gt; \" data-medium-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap721928478820_1.jpg?w=300\" data-lage-file=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap721928478820_1.jpg?w=480\" src=\"https:\/\/apimagesblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/ap721928478820_1.jpg?w=197&#038;h=132&#038;crop=1\" width=\"197\" height=\"132\" data-original-width=\"197\" data-original-height=\"132\" title=\"Mexico&#039;s Charro Horse Tradition\" alt=\"\" style=\"width: 197px; height: 132px;\" \/> <\/a> <\/div> <\/div> <!-- close group --> <\/div> <!-- close row --> <\/div>\n<hr \/>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\">Opening text from the AP Story,\u00a0<a href=\"http:\/\/bigstory.ap.org\/article\/88cea41f304841959afc6f9c0b0a10fb\/mexico-celebrates-its-charro-horse-tradition\" target=\"_blank\"><em><span style=\"color:#ff0000;\">Mexico celebrates its charro horse tradition<\/span><\/em><\/a>.<\/span><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"http:\/\/www.apimages.com\/Collection\/Landing\/Mexico-Charro-Horses\/918adc04d01944a0bc85fb4e03ddde2d\/1\" target=\"_blank\">License these photos<\/a><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\"><strong>Lead Image Caption:\u00a0<\/strong>In this Aug. 31, 2014 photo, Mexican cowboy or charro Daniel Flores, 73, holds a photo of his younger self, dressed in full charro attire with his three sons; Dario, from left, Daniel and Leonardo, at his home in Mexico City. There&#8217;s meaning behind every component of the costumes worn by charros, made with layers of leather, colorful fabrics, adorned with intricate silver buttons, embroidery, sequins and or beading. Even the sculptural iron spurs are decorated with tooled and stamped silver. (AP Photo\/Marco Ugarte)\u00a0<\/span><\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\"><em>Spotlight<\/em> is the blog of AP Images, the world\u2019s largest collection of historical and contemporary photos. AP Images provides instant access to AP\u2019s iconic photos and adds new content every minute of every day from every corner of the world, making it an essential source of photos and graphics for professional image buyers and commercial customers. \u00a0Whether your needs are for editorial, commercial, or personal use, AP Images has the content and the expert sales team to fulfill your image requirements. Visit\u00a0<span style=\"color:#ff0000;\"><a style=\"color:#ff0000;\" href=\"http:\/\/www.apimages.com\/Home\" target=\"_blank\"><span class=\"s1\">apimages.com<\/span><\/a><\/span>\u00a0to learn more.\u00a0<\/span><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><span style=\"color:#000000;\"><em>Written content on this site is not created by the editorial department of AP, unless otherwise noted.\u00a0<\/em><\/span><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><strong><a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/AP_Images\" target=\"_blank\">AP Images on Twitter<\/a>\u00a0|\u00a0<a href=\"https:\/\/www.facebook.com\/APImages\" target=\"_blank\">AP Images on Facebook<\/a>\u00a0|\u00a0<a href=\"https:\/\/plus.google.com\/112042081433592139743\/posts\" target=\"_blank\">AP Images on Google+<\/a><\/strong><\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n",
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            "title": "It\u2019s All Fun and Games Until Someone Dies: Amanda Bynes, Robin Williams, and the Spectacle of Mental Illness",
            "URL": "http:\/\/letsqueerthingsup.com\/2014\/10\/16\/its-all-fun-and-games-until-someone-dies-amanda-bynes-robin-williams-and-the-spectacle-of-mental-illness\/",
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            "content": "<p>Internet, we need to have a talk.<\/p>\n<p>I\u2019ve had a number of readers ask why I\u2019ve neglected to write about Amanda Bynes this last year. It\u2019s simple, really. I don\u2019t believe that celebrities are \u201cfair game,\u201d and that, when they have very human and very difficult struggles, I should capitalize on those things by writing an article, however well-intentioned. I believe they are deserving of privacy and respect, by virtue of their being people.<\/p>\n<p>However, I\u2019m making an exception here, because in the midst of the negative and callous press that Bynes has received, I think it\u2019s time we had a chat about it from a different perspective. And then, after we\u2019re done, I think it\u2019s time we stop speculating about it altogether. Deal?<\/p>\n<p>First and foremost, there is no way for us to know what, if anything, Bynes has been diagnosed with. The family has denied schizophrenia and bipolar diagnoses. And when I write this article about Bynes, I am only operating on the possibility \u2013 not the assumption \u2013 that these diagnoses are true.<\/p>\n<p>Until Amanda Bynes comes out and self-identifies this way, <strong>it is not our place to make an assumption about her mental state<\/strong>. Most of us are not psychiatrists, and even if we were, none of us can make a diagnosis based on a Twitter feed. And it is Bynes\u2019 prerogative to keep certain aspects of her life, including her health care, private.<\/p>\n<p>For the sake of argument, we\u2019re going to roll with the possibility, not the assumption, that Bynes may have bipolar and schizophrenia.<\/p>\n<p>And on that note, I\u2019m going to offer you a sobering statistic:<\/p>\n<p>People with comorbid bipolar and schizophrenia have one of the highest suicide attempt rates of any group. <a href=\"http:\/\/www.schizophrenia.com\/depres\/dep.schiz.htm\"><strong>70.6% of these individuals will attempt suicide in their lifetime.<\/strong><\/a><\/p>\n<p>You would think this would frighten us, and that we would be offering Bynes compassion on the mere basis that what she may be facing is, without a doubt, deadly.<\/p>\n<p>Yet the vast majority of press and articles surrounding Bynes\u2019 mental state seems to ignore the stark reality of her struggle, and instead, opt to mock her erratic and unusual behavior. Rather than recognizing that she may have an illness, they have turned mental illness into a spectacle to watch, enjoy, and ridicule.<\/p>\n<p>We, as a culture, are alarmingly desensitized to the seriousness of mental illness, particularly when it affects celebrities. Whenever a famous person has a \u201cbreakdown,\u201d or goes off to rehab, there is always a sensationalized headline and a gawking that we collectively do. We treat it like a performance to consume and be shocked by, to laugh at, to enjoy.<\/p>\n<p>We have made mental illness into a form of entertainment, and this is reflected in the articles that have been written about Amanda Bynes as of late.<\/p>\n<p><strong>If no one has explained this to you, let me be the first to say that it is morally repugnant that we, as a society, are mocking mentally ill people.<\/strong><\/p>\n<p>If it is indeed true that Amanda Bynes has both bipolar and schizophrenia, she faces an uphill battle. These are both diseases with high mortality rates, and devastating symptoms that are difficult to treat. And while she faces these illnesses, the entire world is watching. To have the audacity of laughing and poking fun as she struggles with these painful disorders is truly disgusting.<\/p>\n<p>It\u2019s all fun and games until someone dies, as was the case with Robin Williams. When celebrities have very public \u201cbreakdowns,\u201d we find them entertaining, sensational, intriguing. When celebrities die from these illnesses, however, we grieve for them, celebrate their lives, and profess our sympathy for their struggle.<\/p>\n<p>Amanda Bynes may be battling two illnesses that could very easily kill her. Why is she not receiving the same level of respect, tact, and compassion that we afford those who have already died at the hands of these same illnesses?<\/p>\n<p>Are we only deserving of dignity and respect if we die?<\/p>\n<p>Does Amanda Bynes need to commit suicide before we will start valuing her life? How fucked up is that?<\/p>\n<p>No matter what Bynes posts on twitter, or what wigs she wears, what we need to understand as outsiders is that something very difficult and frightening is happening to Amanda Bynes &#8212; and it is irresponsible to talk about it any other way, whether it&#8217;s to poke fun at it, or reduce it to her being &#8220;crazy.&#8221; In either scenario, it diminishes her personhood.<\/p>\n<p>Why this reminder needs to happen is beyond me, but apparently it does: Bynes needs compassion, not ridicule, not laughter. Her struggles, whatever they may be, do not exist for your enjoyment.<\/p>\n<p>Anyone who thinks an involuntary psychiatric hold is fun or amusing is horribly misguided. Anyone who thinks psychosis or paranoia is a walk in the park has clearly never been there. Anyone who thinks schizophrenia or bipolar is hilarious has never had their life devastated by these disorders.<\/p>\n<p>I have. And I can tell you \u2013 there\u2019s no pain on earth quite like it.<\/p>\n<p>Anyone who has forgotten that Amanda Bynes is a human being first and foremost needs to step back, and do some serious soul-searching.<\/p>\n<p>Any journalist or columnist who thinks Bynes\u2019 behavior is great material for a lighthearted article needs to reexamine their motivations, and decide for themselves what kind of writer they want to be. Someone who profits off of someone\u2019s pain? Or someone with integrity?<\/p>\n<p>As someone with bipolar disorder, I want to offer a reminder to those who do not suffer from the disorder that making a mockery out of our struggle is dehumanizing. This should go without saying, but apparently it must be said: <strong>Mental illness is not a joke. Mental illness is not funny. Mental illness does not exist to amuse you.<\/strong><\/p>\n<p>If Amanda Bynes has taught us anything, it\u2019s that mental illness can, in fact, touch anyone. It exists in every community, every city, every race, every social class, every gender. Celebrities are not immune to these devastating disorders. In fact, <a href=\"http:\/\/www.nami.org\/factsheets\/mentalillness_factsheet.pdf\">13.6 million Americans live with a serious mental illness<\/a>, and if Amanda Bynes is among them, she will need support and compassion to get through it.<\/p>\n<p>What message are we sending, as journalists, bloggers, and writers, if we treat mental illness with the same brevity and amusement as writing about Kim Kardashian\u2019s ass?<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\"><a href=\"https:\/\/letsqueerthingsup.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/p4i4qcr.jpg\"><img class=\"alignnone size-medium wp-image-118\" src=\"https:\/\/letsqueerthingsup.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/p4i4qcr.jpg?w=300&#038;h=224\" alt=\"P4i4qcr\" width=\"300\" height=\"224\" \/><\/a><\/p>\n<p>Did you cry when Robin Williams died, but laugh when Amanda Bynes was taken to the hospital? Why is that? I&#8217;m challenging you to really think about the ways that we treat folks with mental illness.<\/p>\n<p>When we make these disorders into a joke, we become complicit in creating a culture where mentally ill people are taught to feel ashamed, isolated, and broken. And when we uphold that stigma instead of challenging it, it\u2019s not surprising that so many people with these illnesses opt to take their own lives.<\/p>\n<p>We need to do better. Not just for Amanda Bynes, but for all the people worldwide who suffer from these disorders.<\/p>\n<p><strong>It\u2019s not a spectacle. It\u2019s a goddamn illness.<\/strong><\/p>\n<p>&#8211;<\/p>\n<p><em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.samdylanfinch.com\" target=\"new\">Sam Dylan Finch<\/a> is a freelance writer and queer activist, currently living in the San Francisco Bay Area. <\/em><em>He is the founder of Let&#8217;s Queer Things Up!, a queer and feminist perspective on current events and politics.<\/em><\/p>\n<p><em> Visit his official website: <a href=\"http:\/\/www.samdylanfinch.com\" target=\"_blank\">www.samdylanfinch.com<\/a><\/em><\/p>\n",
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            "title": "The Millennium Negro: The &#8220;New Black&#8221;",
            "URL": "http:\/\/uppitynegronetwork.com\/2014\/10\/06\/the-millennium-negro-the-new-black\/",
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            "content": "<h3><a href=\"https:\/\/uppitynegronetwork.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/oprah-raven-symone.jpg\"><img class=\"aligncenter size-full wp-image-3564\" src=\"https:\/\/uppitynegronetwork.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/oprah-raven-symone.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"8 19 2014-WATN- Charice Pempengco &amp; Raven Simone\"   \/><\/a><\/h3>\n<h3>&#8220;To put it bluntly, the likes of Pharrell and Raven-Symon\u00e9 can\u00a0<em>afford<\/em>\u00a0to declare their independence from blackness.&#8221;<\/h3>\n<p>In April of this year, <a href=\"http:\/\/www.clutchmagonline.com\/2014\/04\/pharrell-seemingly-forgets-racism-still-exists-hes-new-black\/\">Pharrell Williams declared the &#8220;new Black&#8221; in an interview with Oprah Winfrey<\/a>\u00a0by saying:<\/p>\n<blockquote><p>The \u201cnew black\u201d doesn\u2019t blame other races for our issues. The \u201cnew black\u201d dreams and realizes that it\u2019s not a pigmentation; it\u2019s a mentality. And it\u2019s either going to work for you, or it\u2019s going to work against you. And you\u2019ve got to pick the side you\u2019re gonna be on.<\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p>Just <a href=\"http:\/\/www.complex.com\/pop-culture\/2014\/10\/raven-symone-oprah-interview\">yesterday, child star of &#8220;The Cosby Show&#8221; fame, Raven-Symon\u00e9 said the followin<\/a>g:<\/p>\n<blockquote><p>I&#8217;m tired of being labeled. \u00a0I&#8217;m an American. I&#8217;m not an African-American; I&#8217;m an American. \u00a0I mean, I don&#8217;t know where my roots go to. \u00a0I don&#8217;t know how far back they go. \u00a0I don&#8217;t know what country in Africa I&#8217;m from, but I do know that my roots are in Louisiana. I&#8217;m an American. And that&#8217;s a colorless person. \u00a0I don&#8217;t label myself. \u00a0I have darker skin. I have a nice, interesting grade of hair. I connect with Caucasian, I connect with Asian, I connect with Black, I connect with Indian, I connect with each culture.<\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p>Ladies and gentlemen, this is the Millennium Negro, also known as the New Black.<\/p>\n<p>One hundred years ago, the United States was entering the First World War. \u00a0It was also the start of the Great Migration&#8211;the first time blacks from the South were leaving their new-found homeland searching for &#8220;the warmth of other suns&#8221; away from what Martin Luther King later termed as &#8220;sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression.&#8221; \u00a0The Great War ended in 1918 and black soldiers returned from Europe fighting for freedom and democracy abroad but still uniformly denied basic civil and human rights in the country of their birth. \u00a0Race riots in the country were spawned in the immediate years following the end of the war continuing into the Roaring Twenties, and meanwhile, the community of Harlem at the north of New York City&#8217;s Manhattan island was seeing a culture shift that Alain Locke, at the time called the\u00a0<strong>New Negro Movement<\/strong>, but ultimately went down in history as the\u00a0<strong>Harlem Renaissance<\/strong>.<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/uppitynegronetwork.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/220px-newnegro.jpg\"><img class=\"alignleft size-medium wp-image-3563\" src=\"https:\/\/uppitynegronetwork.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/220px-newnegro.jpg?w=200&#038;h=300\" alt=\"220px-NewNegro\" width=\"200\" height=\"300\" \/><\/a>The Harlem Renaissance, to put it succinctly, was a way in which Negroes were able to capitalize on their cultural endeavors. \u00a0Locke&#8217;s book\u00a0<em>The New Negro<\/em> highlighted works of poetry, verse, songs, essays and other writings touting cultural achievements, namely in the arts. \u00a0The end result, by the time the country was engrossed in a second world war, was that through this cultural movement, blacks finally had a lens through which they could see themselves as American. \u00a0I would make the argument that for the past century, blacks have always been forced to pick and choose between their blackness and their Americanity; DuBois clearly saw this duality early as he wrote about it in\u00a0<em>Souls of Black Folk<\/em> and in his advocation of the &#8220;talented tenth.&#8221; \u00a0Only within the last decade or so have blacks been able to afford themselves to use the language of Americanity: in other words, be post-racial.<\/p>\n<p>One of the tropes of the American brand of capitalism has been &#8220;new money.&#8221; \u00a0It&#8217;s been played out in countless movies projecting the sentiment that money doesn&#8217;t buy happiness and the like, but I think it&#8217;s worth noting that money can afford a certain level of blindness to some of the everyday issues that pervade our everyday lives. \u00a0To put it bluntly, the likes of Pharrell and Raven-Symon\u00e9 can\u00a0<em>afford<\/em> to declare their independence from blackness. \u00a0It costs to be post-racial. \u00a0This debt can paid by actual capital net worth or paid for by racial ontological privilege appurtenance, also known as white privilege. \u00a0However, I think it&#8217;s interesting that both Pharrell and Raven chose Oprah Winfrey to disclose this information.<\/p>\n<p>Oprah, over the years has had a relationship with the black community that has seen glorious highs and abysmal lows over the years. \u00a0As she was moving toward the end of &#8220;The Oprah Winfrey Show&#8221; she had solidly established her net worth with the larger black community. \u00a0She came under assault from the black community, especially her fellow Chicagoans, when she started the school for girls in South Africa, when just 10 miles south of her schools in the Englewood neighborhood were languishing. \u00a0Notwithstanding her friendship with Tyler Perry, Oprah far established her rapport with the black community by having a rousing closing episode having students from Morehouse appear on stage with her as a scholarship she began was sending young black men to college.<\/p>\n<p>Oprah has been seen as the embodiment of a post-racial society, some have quipped that if Oprah could make it to where she is, then other blacks can do the same. \u00a0Aside from the fallacy of that logic, Oprah breathes rarefied air to say the least. \u00a0There have only been three black billionaires in this country, Bob Johnson, owner of BET broke that barrier first and fell off that list shortly after he sold BET to Viacom entertainment, and Oprah marched on the list shortly thereafter. \u00a0For the better part of the last decade and then some, Oprah has steadily increased her wealth to just over $2 billion. \u00a0In other words, Oprah can\u00a0<em>afford<\/em> to be independent of her blackness. \u00a0However, when overseas, <a href=\"http:\/\/www.cnn.com\/2013\/08\/09\/world\/oprah-winfrey-racism-switzerland\/\">Oprah was denied seeing a purse that she wanted to purchase by the sales assistant because it was &#8220;too expensive<\/a>&#8221; and Oprah was reminded, along with the rest of the world, that she still occupied blackness in a real sense.<\/p>\n<p>So how is it that the likes of Pharrell and Raven-Symon\u00e9 don&#8217;t see the world through that lens?<\/p>\n<p>Rather than run the list of this duo&#8217;s inane ignorance on the issues of blackness as an example of how they simply &#8220;don&#8217;t get it,&#8221; I would rather take this opportunity to explore what does the &#8220;New Negro&#8221; embody aside from ad hominem attacks, but the problems of occupying that space.<\/p>\n<h4><strong>Being post-racial in a racial society doesn&#8217;t alleviate racism.<\/strong><\/h4>\n<p>Race is a political and social construct that is entrenched in world history and most of us don&#8217;t know it. \u00a0As nationalistic identities were forged through European global exploration during the European Renaissance era, moving from the Dark Ages, those European civilizations created race as a way to categorize the other humans that they were encountering on these voyages. \u00a0In this case, history is told by those who wrote it down&#8211;Europeans were very much a written culture, whereas civilizations closer to the equator passed down their history orally. \u00a0Europeans began &#8220;discovering&#8221; the world, and suddenly by the 16th and 17th centuries, this concept of\u00a0<em>race<\/em> as we know it has emerged. \u00a0Be not deceived, race\u00a0was created as a means to maintain a power structure.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\"><span class='embed-youtube' style='text-align:center; display: block;'><\/iframe><\/span><\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">Following a more recent interview with CNN&#8217;s Don Lemon, Freeman responded to a question about the wealth gap and economic inequalities in this country in terms of race. \u00a0 Freeman responded,<\/p>\n<blockquote>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">\u201cToday? No. You and I, we\u2019re proof. \u00a0Why would race have anything to do with it?\u201d<br \/>\n\u201cPut your mind to what you want to do and go for that. It\u2019s kind of like religion to me\u2014it\u2019s a good excuse for not getting there.\u201d \u00a0Freeman ended with a final response, \u201cMaking [race] a bigger issue than it needs to be is the problem here.\u201d<\/p>\n<\/blockquote>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">Jamelle Bouie from <a href=\"http:\/\/www.slate.com\/articles\/news_and_politics\/politics\/2014\/06\/morgan_freeman_don_lemon_and_race_the_actor_doesn_t_understand_the_link.html\">Slate.com<\/a> remarked after this second interview that &#8220;there\u2019s no understanding income inequality\u2014or the disparities in criminal justice, education, health care, and unemployment\u2014without a firm grasp of race, or rather, the economic consequences of past and current racism.&#8221; \u00a0Freeman&#8217;s approach is overly simplistic and doesn&#8217;t take into the work\u00a0<em>needed<\/em> to get to that point. \u00a0I&#8217;ll admit, I have some hope that one day we will be a post-racial society, but in a world with seven billion people and growing, it would take an extinction level event for us to be uniformly on the same page. \u00a09\/11 did act as an event where suddenly we were &#8220;all Americans&#8221; and that sentiment didn&#8217;t go unnoticed in many segments of the black community because this was a superficial sentiment that was not seen in policies coming from Congress and under a George W. Bush administration.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">Contrary to popular opinion, racism can exist even if you choose to ignore it. \u00a0Operating as though you don&#8217;t see color, or asserting that this is a post-racial society does nothing to disassemble the power structures in place that purport racism. \u00a0In fact, to operate through color-blind lenses or to declare one as post-racial now gives you a license of complicit ignorance to racism. \u00a0This false hope of rugged individualism espoused by Morgan Freeman and Pharrell Williams is a check drawn on a bankrupt account for many people of color in this country. \u00a0This was true historically, and unfortunately is still true today. \u00a0When institutional and policy barriers still exist to perpetuate a cycle of poverty that overwhelmingly disaffects people of color, the argument of &#8220;personal responsibility&#8221; is rendered null and void.<\/p>\n<h4><strong>Most blacks can&#8217;t afford to be post-racial.<\/strong><\/h4>\n<p>Most blacks watching this triune of celebrities declare their independence from blackness and join the melting pot of America haven&#8217;t done any ethnographic studies as historians, sociologists or political scientists to be considered remotely an expert on these topics, so sometimes I want to take what they said with a grain of salt. \u00a0But, it&#8217;s hard to do that knowing that they have the economic capital to transcend race and speak from the post-racial land of rainbows with big puffy clouds, and unicorns. \u00a0Can&#8217;t forget unicorns. \u00a0People probably don&#8217;t respond to Morgan Freeman as an older (and probably crotchety) black man&#8211;they respond to him as a well known celebrity. \u00a0People don&#8217;t respond to Pharrell as a soon-to-be middle aged black man (who still looks 24 some times), but rather as an incredibly talented guy who&#8217;s written and produced numerous hit songs. \u00a0Despite his lack of live-stage singing skills, he&#8217;s very much a modern-day Stevie Wonder as far as the length and number of contributions to the wider music world. \u00a0They have enough money that they have metaphorically purchased land rights to set up a residence in the Land of Post-Race.<\/p>\n<p>If Morgan Freeman got pulled over for doing 75 mph in a 45 mph zone, either the officer won&#8217;t even give him a ticket or he&#8217;ll just grumble and pay it more or less showing his driver license from the Land of Post-Race \u00a0There will never be any question about did the officer somehow mistreat him because he was black, and he won&#8217;t have to worry about getting out of the car or face an illegal search by cops because he &#8220;fit the profile.&#8221; \u00a0I, on the other hand, do have to worry about these things&#8211;I can&#8217;t afford property in the Land of Post-Race. \u00a0My residence seems to be permanently affixed in the Land of Race, better known as the United States. \u00a0My economic capital doesn&#8217;t afford me the privilege to not have to worry about those things.<\/p>\n<p>Even if you don&#8217;t have the economic capital to take up residence in the Land of Post-Race, be not dismayed, one&#8217;s white privilege is also an accepted currency in this land. \u00a0Truth be told, this is usually the currency in which most transactions take place. \u00a0While some people have permanent residences here, there is also a bevy of seasonal homes that can be purchased next to the Lake of Delusion with deeper depths plumbed daily or log cabins in the Mountains of Ignorance with higher peaks scaled continuously.<\/p>\n<p>To live in the Land of Post-Race, regardless of skin color, eschews the lived reality of millions of people in this country and the billions of people worldwide. \u00a0It&#8217;s a direct insult to the validity and existence of those who have been forced to espouse their blackness as pride when the vast majority of American\u00a0history it was seen as something to be shamed. \u00a0The Harlem Renaissance was the first time here on these shores that blackness, as a whole was seen as something to be celebrated, not just by whites, but by blacks as well! \u00a0The psychological chains of slavery weighed heavy on people who had been kissed by nature&#8217;s sun, where the systemic pedagogy of slavery taught blacks to be ashamed of their skin color and their very essence. \u00a0To that\u00a0point, parents and grandmothers till this day tell their children not to play or sit in the sun too long because they will get darker.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">The irony is that what blacks may consider post-racial and what white consider post-racial could very much mean two very different things. \u00a0If you don&#8217;t believe me, check out the <a href=\"http:\/\/www.bbc.com\/news\/world-africa-29475977\">BBC article on Orania<\/a>, an Afrikaaner-only settlement.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\">\n<span class='embed-youtube' style='text-align:center; display: block;'><\/iframe><\/span><\/p>\n<h4>Being post-racial ignores the need for reparations.<\/h4>\n<p>While Ta-Nehesi Coates article did momentarily reignite the conversation about reparations, with the Ferguson moment trying to transmogrify into a movement, aside from Obama&#8217;s path to the White House, this might be the longest time that race has sustained itself in the national media and conscience since CNN&#8217;s &#8220;Black in America,&#8221; but I digress. \u00a0Domiciling in the Land of Post-Race absolves all oppressive parties from any responsibility for their past actions and from their current complicity in current policies in place that have adverse effects on people of color in this country.<\/p>\n<p>Reparations, as Coates noted implicitly, does not mean that a check is cut to the descendants of slaves, but rather that injurious practices that resulted in horrible intercultural and interracial relationships that disproportionately maligned\u00a0people of color&#8211;especially those who are still alive&#8211;are\u00a0<em>repaired.<\/em> \u00a0Those reparations, namely, can come from the changing of policies and practices in our institutions and in our halls of justice. \u00a0We have the numbers, the data and the statistics to prove it; we know where these people are; we have the power to fix it. \u00a0Yet, as a society, we don&#8217;t.<\/p>\n<p>The former <a href=\"http:\/\/www.chicagotribune.com\/news\/ct-jon-burge-prison-release-met-20141002-story.html\">Chicago police office, John Burge, was released<\/a>\u00a0from after serving slightly less than four years in a minimum security prison. \u00a0Burge was brought up on charges amounting to lying to a prosecutor about the abuse, because the statute of limitation for the actual abuse itself had passed. \u00a0Victims of Burge were convicted under torturous conditions and violent and physical coercion. \u00a0Many of his victims sat in prison for upwards of 30 years&#8211;and have not seen one red cent from the state, the county or the city. \u00a0Yet, Burge still collects $4,000 a month in pension benefits from the Chicago Police Department, and legally there&#8217;s nothing, not even the Illinois Attorney General can do to stop it.<\/p>\n<p>A post-racial mentality wouldn&#8217;t see that at the center of this relationship between a domestic terrorist and torturer by the name of John Burge and a long list of male inmates is the very simple, and problematic issue: Burge did what he did because he knew he could get away with it because he was white and the victims were black.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\">******<\/p>\n<p>For fear of being called a racist, many whites stay out of the politics surrounding blackness lacking the knowledge, the vocabulary, and maybe even the empathy to relate, and many blacks grow weary of always being the one to have to bring up the subject and unpacking all of the nuances that go along with it. \u00a0Honestly, does anyone have time to publish a 2,700 word think-piece about this every time the subject comes up at the water cooler or in a classroom setting? \u00a0I&#8217;ll admit, if the millennial Negro is the one who absolves their blackness, declaring independence from race ontological labels, I&#8217;ll pass. \u00a0If the &#8220;New Negro&#8221; c. 2014 is one who distances themselves, or attempts to procure enough capital to buy their independence from blackness and escape to whites only plantations in the Land of Post-Race, I&#8217;ll pass.<\/p>\n<p>The contemporary black intellectuals of our day (<em>postmodern<\/em> black intellectualism?) are wrestling with this basic issue of blackness as did our predecessors in the Harlem Renaissance. \u00a0Moving away from touting the cultural aspects of blackness as blackness itself, many are wading into those murky waters of whiteness and determining what their blackness will be. \u00a0History has shown that DuBois assertion about the number one problem facing the 20th century will be the color line was prophetic in the least, yet one hundred years later, we&#8217;re not that much closer to truly solving that problem.<\/p>\n<p>There&#8217;s always hope, maybe this will be the generation that finds the beauty in our differences, explore the joy of intersectionality celebrate what makes us unique to one another. \u00a0From there, move\u00a0forward, repairing the wrongs so that all of us can walk together into the future.<\/p>\n<p><strong>Keep it uppity and keep it truthfully radical, JLL<\/strong><\/p>\n",
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            "title": "An immodest proposal for medical education",
            "URL": "http:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2014\/09\/08\/an-immodest-proposal-for-medical-education\/",
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            "content": "<p>Right at the very beginning of their studies, medical students\u00a0have strong ideas about what kind of doctor they want to be, even if they know very little about how to actually be a doctor. In <a href=\"http:\/\/informahealthcare.com\/doi\/pdf\/10.3109\/0142159X.2013.770130\" target=\"_blank\">one study<\/a>\u00a0medical students regarded empathy,\u00a0motivation to be a doctor, good verbal communication,\u00a0being ethically sound and honesty as the most important\u00a0qualities. Medical education needs to be radically reformed if it is to support these ideals which are <a href=\"https:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2013\/12\/20\/empathy\/\" target=\"_blank\">too easily lost<\/a>.<\/p>\n<p>Educationalist,\u00a0<a href=\"http:\/\/www.bbc.co.uk\/programmes\/b04d4nvv\" target=\"_blank\">Sir Ken Robinson<\/a> interviewed on radio 4 last week, was asked whether he thought it necessary to master basic skills in literacy or numeracy before giving expression to language or mathematics. He responded,<\/p>\n<blockquote><p>&#8220;Well it&#8217;s wrong &#8230; it&#8217;s just not true. It is important that you learn these things as you go on , but this is a matter of pedagogy. I mean for example, we&#8217;re here in Liverpool, this was the birthplace of the Beatles. When they started out they knew about three chords but they had fantastic energy, compassion, enthusiasm for music. Well, nobody would deny that they became much more sophisticated musicians as they went on, but they were impelled\u00a0to become more sophisticated by their passion for the music they were creating.&#8221;<\/p>\n<\/blockquote>\n<p>He continues to say that great teachers give\u00a0students a passion for their subject and their enthusiasm for learning follows from that. We need\u00a0to give medical students a passion for the practice of medicine right from the first day they start medical school.<\/p>\n<p>I&#8217;ll acknowledge here, that increasing numbers of medical schools have introduced patient-contact in the first year. But it needs to go much further.<\/p>\n<p>The entire first year of medical school should be vocational. \u00a0Students should spend the whole year seeing how medicine is practised from the perspectives of different types of doctors, allied health professionals, managers, policy makers and most important of all, patients. They need to know what it&#8217;s like to live with a chronic disease and deal with doctors and the health and social care systems in which they will one-day work. They should learn about what it means to be a professional, about the privileges, responsibilities and stresses of their profession. They should learn from close observation and <a href=\"http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pmc\/articles\/PMC2276302\/\" target=\"_blank\">role models<\/a> about the responsible use and irresponsible abuse of <a href=\"https:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2012\/10\/05\/medical-power\/\" target=\"_blank\">power<\/a>. A grounding in <a href=\"http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pmc\/articles\/PMC3247912\/\" target=\"_blank\">narrative medicine<\/a> and the medical humanities will be essential for them to develop the ability to critically balance such a wide range of perspectives.<\/p>\n<p>They should learn about medicine&#8217;s<a title=\"Henry E Sigerist and NHS reform\" href=\"https:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2011\/04\/25\/henry-e-sigerist-and-nhs-reform\/\"> historical<\/a>, <a href=\"http:\/\/www.journals.elsevier.com\/social-science-and-medicine\/news-and-virtual-special-issues\/virtual-special-issue-to-celebrate-the-work-of-gavin-mooney\/\" target=\"_blank\">social<\/a> and<a title=\"The Political Economy of Health Care: A clinical perspective\" href=\"https:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2010\/09\/01\/the-political-economy-of-health-care-a-clinical-perspective\/\"> political<\/a>\u00a0roots, the role of <a title=\"Medical advocacy\" href=\"https:\/\/abetternhs.wordpress.com\/2012\/08\/18\/medical-advocacy\/\">advocacy<\/a>\u00a0and the importance of <a href=\"http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pubmed\/24560100\" target=\"_blank\">global health<\/a>, public health and the <a href=\"http:\/\/www.instituteofhealthequity.org\/\" target=\"_blank\">social determinants of health<\/a>.<\/p>\n<p>To make sense of this they will need plenty of opportunities to meet with their peers and more experienced mentors to see how their experiences fit with their preconceptions and their ideals. This is <a href=\"http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pmc\/articles\/PMC4078056\/\" target=\"_blank\">how most medical education should happen<\/a>, especially if we want our students to understand <a href=\"http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pmc\/articles\/PMC1121342\/?em_x=22\" target=\"_blank\">the complexity of clinical practice<\/a>.\u00a0These groups would be ideal fora for discussing the contested grounds of professional behaviour and medical ethics and learning about the value of narratives, the skills of peer supervision and the ability to reflect.<\/p>\n<p>At the end of this year, they should be asked a question,<\/p>\n<blockquote><p>Which of you still wants to be a doctor?<\/p>\n<\/blockquote>\n<p>If the experiences are sufficiently rich, both wide-ranging and deeply considered then there will be a minority who have discovered that medicine is not at all what they had expected (or it is as bad as they had feared, but had hoped it was not) and they will have the opportunity to change career before investing several more years of their life and money.<\/p>\n<p>Those that remain will be much clearer than most medical students are at present,<em>\u00a0about what it means to be a professional, why medicine matters and what matters to patients. <\/em><\/p>\n<p>And when they then start their basic medical sciences their ideals will be rooted in an ethically informed professional identity, a much clearer idea of their heritage and their future.<\/p>\n<p>And, one would hope,<em>\u00a0their learning will be impelled by their passion.<\/em><\/p>\n",
            "excerpt": "<p>Right at the very beginning of their studies, medical students\u00a0have strong ideas about what kind of doctor they want to be, even if they know very little about how to actually be a doctor. In one study\u00a0medical students regarded empathy,\u00a0motivation to be a doctor, good verbal communication,\u00a0being ethically sound and honesty as the most important\u00a0qualities. [&hellip;]<\/p>\n",
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            "title": "Love Poems are a Dime a Dozen",
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            "content": "<p style=\"text-align:left;\">i write this<br \/>\nblind no experience<br \/>\nno background. write without<br \/>\nthe benefit of stanza<br \/>\nverse or prozac. i<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">write to you:<br \/>\na thousand words of<br \/>\npoetic translation ultimate<br \/>\nfrustration. without bending<br \/>\nor melting myself into<br \/>\ncolor sound or feeling. without<br \/>\nhiding behind pretty metaphors<br \/>\nor white and glossy symbols. this<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">is not a poem of bread crumbs:<br \/>\nit will not does not can not<br \/>\nlead you anywhere beyond a now;<br \/>\nbeyond a you, beyond an i.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">it would be easy to<br \/>\ngive you a treasure map that<br \/>\nwould lead you along red veins<br \/>\nuntil you reached the gold X<br \/>\nof memory or to describe the hiss<br \/>\nof steam from your fingerprints<br \/>\nsplaying\u00a0across skin. it would be<br \/>\nsimple to fill a page with<br \/>\nsilk and syrup\u2026..but<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">this poem is blind deaf dumb to<br \/>\nthat: passionless but slow steady<br \/>\ndripping with want of understanding. it<br \/>\nlacks the juice of early morning kisses<br \/>\nthe sunburn of midnight penetration but<br \/>\nit has a carefully folded piece of<br \/>\nmyself in it\u00a0opened<br \/>\nfor a you to read. consider<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">this a love poem.<br \/>\nconsider this an invitation to<br \/>\ntea with my soul. consider it<br \/>\na hundred words dedicated to a raw<br \/>\nyou and a naked i. nothing<br \/>\nno one nowhere else<br \/>\nbeyond this now.<\/p>\n<div id=\"attachment_3598\" style=\"width: 250px\" class=\"wp-caption aligncenter\"><a href=\"https:\/\/wineandcheesedoodles.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/weheartit-com.jpg\"><img class=\"size-full wp-image-3598\" src=\"https:\/\/wineandcheesedoodles.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/weheartit-com.jpg?w=480\" alt=\"Photo: weheartit.com\"   \/><\/a><p class=\"wp-caption-text\">Photo: weheartit.com<\/p><\/div>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">Poetry was my first foray into creative writing. Lately, I&#8217;ve been excavating poems, carefully dusting off the build up of time from their bones to see what I can piece together. Some of them stand alone, skeletons intact. There are others that may prove to be just as sturdy with a little glue here and there. And of course there are many more which deserve nothing more than the respect to die peacefully, chained by the ankle to the time and place in which they were written.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">Two older poems, <a href=\"http:\/\/purplepiglit.tumblr.com\/post\/99353842015\/pinpricks\">Pinpricks<\/a>\u00a0and\u00a0<a href=\"http:\/\/purplepiglit.tumblr.com\/post\/99352979720\/creation-saturday-5-pm\">Creation, Saturday 5PM<\/a>, which\u00a0did a circuit of NYC poetry slams back in the 1990s were published today at <a href=\"http:\/\/purplepiglit.tumblr.com\/archive\">Purple Pig Lit<\/a>.<\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:left;\">The poem above was\u00a0published in <a href=\"http:\/\/www.theolivetreereview.com\/p\/about.html\">The Olivetree Review<\/a> way back in 1996 and remains one of my favorites. It was published as Untitled, but now, this many years later, I prefer <em>Love Poems are a Dime a Dozen<\/em>.<\/p>\n",
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            "title": "Interview: Simon Rich on Guilt, Humor Writing, and Being the Worst Person Ever",
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            "content": "<h3><a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/jessicagross\">Jessica Gross<\/a> | <a href=\"http:\/\/longreads.com\/\">Longreads<\/a> | Oct. 2014 | 17 minutes (4,290 words)<\/h3>\n<p><em>By the time Simon Rich graduated from Harvard, where he served as president of the <\/em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.harvardlampoon.com\/\">Harvard Lampoon<\/a><em>, he had a two-book deal from Random House. Less than a decade later, the humorist has written <a href=\"http:\/\/www.amazon.com\/Simon-Rich\/e\/B001JS8RWK\/?tag=longreads-20\">four short story collections and two comic novels<\/a>. He also spent four years writing for <\/em>Saturday Night Live<em> (he was the youngest writer SNL ever hired) and about two years at Pixar, and is now at work on a film and a television series.<\/p>\n<p>Rich\u2019s level of productivity, impressive as it is, takes a backseat to the quality of his humor writing. His stories are crystalline, eccentric, and universally hilarious. Many of the stories in his new collection, <\/em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.powells.com\/biblio\/62-9780316368629-0?src=longreads\">Spoiled Brats<\/a><em> are built on an unusual premise, or told from a surprising angle. In &#8220;Animals,&#8221; a hamster narrates his wretched existence as a class pet at an elementary school. In &#8220;Gifted,&#8221; a mother insists that her son\u2014born as a monster, with horns and a tail\u2014is exceptional. And in &#8220;Distractions,&#8221; a writer believes the whole world is out to get him, and they really are.<\/em><\/p>\n<p style=\"text-align:center;\">* * *<\/p>\n<h2>How old were you when you started actively, seriously writing?<\/h2>\n<p>Well, I always loved to write. As early as kindergarten, I plagiarized Roald Dahl stories that I would try to pass off as my own. But I think it sort of shifted around when I was 17. That\u2019s when I started writing every single day, whether or not I had an idea. Until then, I would only sit down and write a story if one occurred to me, and then I started to wake up every single day and write for a few hours whether or not I had anything worthwhile to say.<\/p>\n<h2>What was the impetus for doing that?<\/h2>\n<p>It was because I wanted to write a novel. I wrote a novel that I finished the summer after I graduated from high school\u2014it was a terrible, terrible novel\u2014but I knew I was going off to college and I assumed I would be too busy to write a whole book, so I decided I would finish it before I got to college. But a novel has a lot of pages, so I knew I would have to work every single day. When the summer was over, I had failed in writing a good novel, but I had succeeded in learning how to be a writer.<\/p>\n<h2>And you\u2019ve just kept up that habit ever since?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, and gradually, over the course of years and years, the writing got a little bit better.<\/p>\n<h2>Do you ever have a day when you sit down to write and it\u2019s just not happening?<\/h2>\n<p>I always find something to write about. I mean, you always have some emotion inside of yourself. Sometimes the only emotion you feel is shame or disgust or embarrassment or whatever\u2014it\u2019s not always the sexiest emotion\u2014but as a living, breathing person, you always have something going on inside of your brain and inside of your heart. There\u2019s always something you can write about.<\/p>\n<h2>Your stories are so richly imaginative and kind of outlandish. Do you find that you\u2019re the kind of person who daydreams a lot? Do these kinds of scenarios occur to you in your non-writing life, or is it a very disciplined thing where you\u2019re sitting down and thinking, &#8220;What\u2019s a scenario that would embody this emotion&#8221;?<\/h2>\n<p>I occasionally will suddenly have an idea out of nowhere\u2014in the stereotypical Hollywood way, inspiration will strike\u2014but that probably accounts for five or 10 percent of all of my published work. The rest is the result of brute force.<\/p>\n<h2>So what does that mean, brute force? When you\u2019re sitting there, how do you actually go about brainstorming something that is so far out?<\/h2>\n<p>It\u2019s all about finding the right angle, right? Because none of the stories I tell are particularly original, and none of the themes I write about are new, and certainly, hopefully, none of the emotions I\u2019m writing about are unique. So it\u2019s just about coming up with an original creative angle. So with &#8220;<a href=\"http:\/\/www.newyorker.com\/humor\/daily-shouts\/sell-out-part-one?src=longreads\">Sell Out<\/a>,&#8221; I don\u2019t think I\u2019m the first person to wonder what it would be like to meet their ancestors. I mean, there\u2019s hundreds of works of art about it\u2014everything from <em>Back to the Future<\/em> to <em>Time and Again<\/em> deals with those issues\u2014so it was just about trial by error, systematically telling the story in every conceivable way until I found one that felt fresh and interesting and honest. Or the story, &#8220;<a href=\"http:\/\/www.newyorker.com\/magazine\/2012\/07\/30\/unprotected?src=longreads\">Unprotected<\/a>,&#8221; in my last book\u2014I mean, how old of a story can you tell? A teenage boy who wants to lose his virginity: It\u2019s the premise behind dozens of popular films. So it was just about, what\u2019s an original, creative and visceral way to tell this old story of a teenage boy trying to get laid?<\/p>\n<h2>There are two Simon Rich characters in <em>Spoiled Brats<\/em>\u2014a kid in &#8220;Animals,&#8221; and a late-twenties man in &#8220;Sell Out&#8221;\u2014and they\u2019re both very unlikeable. How great of a distortion is each?<\/h2>\n<p>I would say that the book is embarrassingly autobiographical. I think those negative portrayals of Simon Rich are, I would say, shamefully accurate. [<em>Laughs.<\/em>]<\/p>\n<h2>So the kid who appears in &#8220;Animals&#8221; is kind of a chubby monster\u2014<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, he\u2019s referred to as a monster by the hero of the story, the class hamster, and I think the hamster calls it like he sees it. I don\u2019t think any of his opinions of Simon Rich are off-base.<\/p>\n<h2>Earlier stories in which you\u2019ve had a Simon Rich character tend to be told in first person. Why have you moved into a third-person perspective for these?<\/h2>\n<p>It\u2019s become something of a postmodern trope to make yourself a character in your books. It\u2019s been done more and more with every passing decade, from Martin Amis to Jonathan Safran Foer. I always thought it would be more fun to make myself the villain than the hero. It just seemed like a more creatively interesting idea. And if you\u2019ve made yourself the villain, it\u2019s more fun to write about yourself in the third person, because then you can really have at it.<\/p>\n<h2>How much of these harsh portrayals was an attempt to draw the reader in with an appealing level of self-deprecation, and how much comes from some real self-loathing or embarrassment or guilt?<\/h2>\n<p>This is definitely, by far, the most self-loathing book I\u2019ve ever written. I mean, the book is called <em>Spoiled Brats<\/em>, and I\u2019m the main villain. But I\u2019m hopeful that some of the readers will relate to the characters in the stories and see something of themselves in them. I mean, the character of Simon Rich in the book is extremely narcissistic and self-absorbed and egomaniacal, and I think everybody has a little bit of that in them.<\/p>\n<h2>In &#8220;Animals,&#8221; it\u2019s Simon Rich\u2019s turn to take care of the class hamster, and he blows it off. Did you have pets as a kid?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, I had classroom pets, hamsters, and I treated them terribly. It was my job to feed them occasionally, and I almost always forgot. My focus at the age of seven and eight was really just to watch television and sitcoms and then repeat the catchphrases as loudly as I possibly could. That was the fundamental goal of my existence for that period of my life.<\/p>\n<h2>In the story, Simon\u2019s choice phrase is &#8220;Whatchu talkin\u2019 \u2018bout, Willis?&#8221; Was that yours, too?<\/h2>\n<p>&#8220;Whatchu talkin\u2019 \u2018bout, Willis?&#8221; was up there, but I remember quoting <em>The Simpsons<\/em> ad nauseum, and everything from <em>Harry and the Hendersons<\/em> to <em>The Hogan Family<\/em>. I quoted everything that was in that box. The magical box.<\/p>\n<h2>The kids in Simon\u2019s class in the story seem to really take a shine to this habit\u2014did you get that reaction?<\/h2>\n<p>You know, it\u2019s hard to know, because I had such little self-awareness at that age. I think at the time I probably thought that everything I was saying was hilarious.<\/p>\n<h2>At what age did you start to view that behavior as embarrassing?<\/h2>\n<p>I would say my late-20s. [<em>Laughs<\/em>.]<\/p>\n<h2>Your writing has very surprising subversions that come fast and often, which lend a lot of comedy, but I feel like the humor is also often tied to linguistic details. So, for example, in that story, Simon is crying after the hero, the hamster, bites him. The whole setup is great, but the part that made me cackle was the hamster\u2019s line, in remembering his moment of glory: &#8220;I smiled proudly, thinking of this scene.&#8221; The formality of expression\u2014<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, it was very important to me to give the hamster high status, because he\u2019s so downtrodden and put-upon. It\u2019s just a basic comedy rule: If you\u2019re going to strip somebody of his dignity, you want him to start off as high-status as possible. Not to get too technical about it\u2014I mean, dissecting comedy is always the most boring thing in the world. There\u2019s no better way to ruin comedy than to talk about it. But yeah, if you\u2019re going to throw a pie in someone\u2019s face, you want it to be a man in a tuxedo, not a homeless person. So for that reason it was important, comedically, to make the hamster formal, articulate, eloquent and high-status, and so I gave him verbiage that I thought would bolster that.<\/p>\n<h2>I know it\u2019s a clich\u00e9 that deconstructing a joke ruins it, but to me, the way comedy works is so mysterious, and I love having it explained. Are you saying that it ruins the joke for the person hearing it, or do you personally prefer not to be deconstructing comedy in this way?<\/h2>\n<p>I don\u2019t mind talking about it, I just feel bad for people who have to listen. But obviously, like all comedy nerds, I\u2019m a student of comedy, I grew up obsessing over joke structure and trying to figure out why the things that made me laugh were making me laugh. In the writer\u2019s room at my show we spend hours and hours deconstructing jokes and gags and premises, trying to make them work more efficiently. So it\u2019s like anything else\u2014it\u2019s like cooking or doing magic tricks or playing baseball: there\u2019s a lot of technical thought that goes into the construction, and it\u2019s very learnable. Anyone can learn these tricks, I\u2019m convinced.<\/p>\n<p>[pullquote align=\"center\"]I\u2019m a student of comedy, I grew up obsessing over joke structure and trying to figure out why the things that made me laugh were making me laugh. In the writer\u2019s room at my show we spend hours and hours deconstructing jokes and gags and premises, trying to make them work more efficiently.[\/pullquote]<\/p>\n<h2>It\u2019s interesting that it comes down to such logical components, when the experience of hearing or reading comedy doesn\u2019t feel that way at all.<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, there\u2019s a technical aspect to all creative pursuits. Even the most experimental abstract expressionists have to stretch a canvas, right? I mean, there\u2019s a lot of technical busywork that goes into the construction of any creative medium. But it\u2019s learnable. It\u2019s not that hard. I\u2019ve got about five or ten rules of thumb that I keep in my brain as I\u2019m writing. But then also you end up breaking these rules, and sometimes a joke will work <em>because<\/em> it\u2019s subverting another joke form. Like the piece in this book, &#8220;<a href=\"http:\/\/www.newyorker.com\/magazine\/2013\/11\/18\/guy-walks-into-a-bar?src=longreads\">Guy Walks into a Bar<\/a>,&#8221; is basically just one big anti-joke that subverts one of the oldest joke structures in the world.<\/p>\n<h2>So what are the five to ten rules you keep in mind?<\/h2>\n<p>These are some real basic ones, but you always want to end a joke on the word that will elicit laughter. You want to make\u2014and this is just for me, a lot of people will disagree\u2014I always try to make things as economical as possible. I always try to make the turn sudden. I try not to shift a scene gradually, I try to shift a scene dramatically. Clarity is extremely important\u2014just like with a magic trick, if a person watching has been lost during the setup, they\u2019re not going to understand the payoff and they\u2019re not going to marvel at it.<\/p>\n<h2>There\u2019s a lot of societal critique in some of these stories, like &#8220;Gifted,&#8221; which uses a wealthy mom\u2019s relationship with her son\u2014whom she treats as a uniquely gifted child, although he is an actual, literal monster\u2014to skewer class privilege and modern parenting. How much of that is a byproduct of the funny story you want to tell and how much is deliberate critique?<\/h2>\n<p>You know, when I\u2019m writing comedy, I try not to come at it from a political place. I\u2019ve found that whenever I try to get a point across through a work of fiction, the story ends up being didactic, stilted and propagandistic. So when I write a story, the main thing I\u2019m thinking about is, will it be emotionally visceral? Will it grab the reader? Will it make them interested in the characters and make them want to turn the page? That\u2019s the main thing I\u2019m thinking about, more so, even, than whether or not it\u2019s going to be funny. So with &#8220;Gifted&#8221;\u2014I mean, it\u2019s not a new premise, it\u2019s essentially <em>Rosemary\u2019s Baby<\/em>\u2014but I thought that the na\u00efvet\u00e9 and ignorance of the speaker, the mother, would lend itself to some suspense and also some good gags.<\/p>\n<p><a href=\"http:\/\/www.powells.com\/biblio\/62-9780316368629-0?src=longreads\"><img class=\"size-medium wp-image-11114 image-right\" src=\"https:\/\/longreadsblog.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/rich_spoiledbrats.jpg?w=197&#038;h=300\" alt=\"Rich_SpoiledBrats\"   \/><\/a><\/p>\n<h2>I was noticing your language again in this story, particularly this, about her monster son Ben: &#8220;Once, during a Spanish midterm, he escaped into the Hudson Valley woods and lived as a beast for several months.&#8221; Again, the premise is really funny, but it\u2019s that phrase, &#8220;lived as a beast,&#8221; that really got me.<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, &#8220;beast&#8221; is a great word, right? Packs a lot of information into a single syllable. I really like the word &#8220;beast,&#8221; and I use it a lot. Often, with a book, I have certain favorite words that I use over and over again because they always make me laugh, and then during the copyediting phase I always get a list from my editor of words that I\u2019ve drastically overused, pleading with me to use synonyms. I do, up to a point, but you always find the word &#8220;beast&#8221; at least a dozen times in each book. You\u2019ll always find &#8220;nightmare&#8221; and &#8220;horrible&#8221; and &#8220;sigh.&#8221;<\/p>\n<h2>Sigh?<\/h2>\n<p>People are perpetually sighing in all of my books, because they\u2019re constantly exasperated by these terrible situations that I\u2019ve thrown at them.<\/p>\n<p>[pullquote align=\"center\"]People are perpetually sighing in all of my books, because they\u2019re constantly exasperated by these terrible situations that I\u2019ve thrown at them.[\/pullquote]<\/p>\n<h2>Were you surprised by any of the words you were told you\u2019d overused in this book?<\/h2>\n<p>&#8220;Williamsburg.&#8221; I was surprised how many of those popped up.<\/p>\n<h2>So the centerpiece of this book is &#8220;Sell Out,&#8221; which I originally read on <em>The New Yorker\u2019s<\/em> website [see part one of four <a href=\"http:\/\/www.newyorker.com\/humor\/daily-shouts\/sell-out-part-one?src=longreads\">here<\/a>], in which a 27-year-old Brooklyn writer named Simon Rich meets his great-great-grandfather, an immigrant who fell into a pickle barrel a century ago and was preserved in brine at exactly Simon\u2019s age. What was the very first bit of this story that you got down on paper?<\/h2>\n<p>At least since college, I\u2019ve been thinking and writing about the kinds of conversations I might have with my ancestors if they saw how frivolous and privileged my life was. And the shame and guilt packed into those conversations always made me laugh. It took me a really long time to figure out how to construct a story that would allow for those interactions to occur, and I guess I was 27 when I really started diving in and trying to write my ancestors\u2019 story in earnest for the first time. It took me five or six tries to really find the right angle, because with all comedy writing\u2014all writing, I assume\u2014you\u2019re constantly making choices: first person, third person, second person? Who\u2019s talking, why are they talking, who are they talking to? You\u2019re constantly making all of these decisions and having to be self-aware about why you\u2019re making them.<\/p>\n<p>There was a version of &#8220;Sell Out&#8221; told from my perspective. There were two versions that weren\u2019t about me specifically, just about generic hipsters being visited by their ancestors. And ultimately I had to step back and ask myself, &#8220;What is making you laugh about this? What is compelling you to write this, what emotion is driving this?&#8221; And it really was guilt and shame. And so I thought, if that\u2019s what this is really about, then I need to have that ancestor looking directly at me. I need to give him the power and give him the agency. So then I started writing scenes with him just watching me, describing me, and I got a lot of comedy out of that. But then the larger themes started popping into my brain\u2014the immigrant experience and the Occupy movement and issues of class and privilege and the American dream and religion and humility versus pride\u2014and the plot gradually presented itself. And then it went through a bunch of other drafts; the plot kept changing. There was a time when I was going to do it as a full novel, but then I decided that parts of it were too bloated and I didn\u2019t really want it to be that long, so I cut a bunch of it. It was a long-ish process. It\u2019s only about 75 pages, but it probably took me as long to write it as it normally takes me to write a full novel.<\/p>\n<h2>How many pages do you think you wrote that didn\u2019t end up in the final piece?<\/h2>\n<p>Oh, hundreds. But that\u2019s typical of me. I throw out most of what I write. But percentage-wise, what I kept for &#8220;Sell Out&#8221; was definitely the lowest.<\/p>\n<h2>How do you approach writing a collection? Do you start writing one-offs for <em>The New Yorker<\/em> and then think about what kinds of pieces would fit around them to form a thematically driven collection? Or do you just decide to put the stories you\u2019ve written into a collection afterward and see what theme emerges?<\/h2>\n<p>I find it impossible to write about anything but what I\u2019m interested in at the moment, and my interests and passions tend to shift from year to year, so that sort of naturally lends itself to collection writing. When I was 25, 26, the only thing on my brain was dating, and that\u2019s why I wrote all those love stories which became <em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.amazon.com\/The-Last-Girlfriend-Earth-Stories\/dp\/031621938X?tag=longreads-20\">The Last Girlfriend on Earth<\/a><\/em>. And then for a year or two I was obsessed with class and privilege and turning 30, and <em>Spoiled Brats<\/em> is the result of that.<\/p>\n<h2>There\u2019s this <em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.npr.org\/2012\/01\/05\/144319988\/brownstein-and-armisens-comedic-take-on-portland\">Fresh Air<\/a><\/em> interview with Carrie Brownstein and Fred Armisen in which Brownstein says that she very much embodies the Portlanders they spoof in Portlandia, that she\u2019s not above their behavior or making fun of them. So what is your life like in Brooklyn\u2014do you act like the hipsters you poke fun at in your writing? Do you go to the craft beer bars, do you take joy in the lifestyle?<\/h2>\n<p>Oh, yeah, completely. All of that stuff. I\u2019m a complete, full, bourgeois yuppie, unequivocally. If there is a hipster on earth, it\u2019s probably me. I\u2019m certainly as revolting and privileged and narcissistic as any of the hipsters described in my book, if not more so. I mean, there\u2019s nobody worse than me.<\/p>\n<p>[pullquote align=\"center\"]I\u2019m a complete, full, bourgeois yuppie, unequivocally. If there is a hipster on earth, it\u2019s probably me. I\u2019m certainly as revolting and privileged and narcissistic as any of the hipsters described in my book, if not more so. I mean, there\u2019s nobody worse than me.[\/pullquote]<\/p>\n<h2>[<em>Laughs<\/em>.] I\u2019m getting that sense. So, to go back in time a little bit: you grew up in New York City, in the East 50s; your parents were divorced and you and your older brother spent most of your time at your mother\u2019s. Can you describe what the dynamic was like in your house?<\/h2>\n<p>It was great. I had a great family, really supportive, wonderful parents and step-parents and wonderful older brother, great teachers, really lucky in every single possible respect.<\/p>\n<h2>That\u2019s \u2026 wonderful.<\/h2>\n<p>[<em>Laughs<\/em>.] Yeah, I really hit the jackpot.<\/p>\n<h2>You read a lot of Roald Dahl as a kid? Who else?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, a ton of Roald Dahl. I was obsessed with <em>Mad Magazine<\/em>, I was obsessed with sitcoms\u2014in particular, The Simpsons, but also everything on <em>Nick at Night<\/em>, from <em>I Love Lucy<\/em> to <em>Dick Van Dyke<\/em> and <em>The Mary Tyler Moore Show<\/em>. I raided my older brother\u2019s bookshelf and through his library found writers like Philip Roth and T.C. Boyle and Kurt Vonnegut. By the time I got to high school, I was really obsessed with premise writers of all kinds, not just comedy writers like Douglas Adams and Joe Heller but also people like Shirley Jackson and Stephen King.<\/p>\n<h2>We get a sense in &#8220;Animals&#8221; of what you were like as a kid, and in &#8220;Sell Out&#8221; of what you were like in your late 20s. What were you like in high school?<\/h2>\n<p>Super-pretentious, showing off a lot, kind of self-serious, insufferable. But fast, really fast. I ran the mile and I was really good at it. So I was at least quick on my feet. But in general a total nightmare.<\/p>\n<h2>How fast could you run a mile?<\/h2>\n<p>4:50.<\/p>\n<h2>Are you serious?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah\u2014which is, by the way, not great for most parts of the United States, but in my insulated private school community, I was fast. But we would race against large public schools and just get our asses kicked.<\/p>\n<h2>Do you still run?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, I run every day. Six miles.<\/p>\n<h2>After you graduated from college, you worked for <em>Saturday Night Live<\/em> for four years. The schedule there is notoriously punishing. Was it difficult for you, or were you just so creatively stimulated and excited to be there that it didn\u2019t matter?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, I was just grateful to be there. Obviously, it\u2019s a lot of long hours\u2014you have to stay up all night once or twice a week\u2014but you do get the entire summers off, so it\u2019s not as grueling as it sounds. You\u2019re certainly very tired by the time the show starts on Saturday, but you can also spend July and August writing a novel in your bedroom, so there are definitely harder jobs. I think it would be a lot harder to be a staff writer on a sitcom and work 48 weeks a year, nine to five, in a room. I think that would be way more grueling, personally.<\/p>\n<h2>You\u2019re writing a film based on &#8220;Sell Out&#8221; with Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg. How\u2019d you decide to work with them?<\/h2>\n<p>I\u2019ve been fans of theirs for a really long time, and I\u2019ve worked with them before. I actually wrote Seth Rogen\u2019s first monologue on SNL. I think they\u2019re really smart, and &#8220;Sell Out&#8221; is so tonally similar to a lot of the stuff they\u2019re doing these days, so it just seemed like a good fit. I just trust them.<\/p>\n<h2>What can you tell me about the ways in which the film will differ from the story?<\/h2>\n<p>That\u2019s always in flux\u2014it shifts from draft to draft. But there\u2019s a lot of stuff that works best on the page and there\u2019s a lot of stuff that works best on the screen, and when you adapt from one medium to another you have to really use the medium, and think about the medium before you think about the material. That\u2019s definitely one of the things I learned at Pixar. The most famous and beautiful scenes in Pixar history have no dialogue, and the reason why is because they\u2019re an animation company. So they\u2019re using the medium effectively. Whereas if you were working on a radio show it\u2019d be a different story. So you have to think medium first.<\/p>\n<h2>I imagine that was a learning experience on SNL, too, coming in as a writer and then having to translate from a script to a staged sketch.<\/h2>\n<p>The biggest learning curve for me was going from a magazine and book writer to being a sketch writer. That was the hardest thing, because writing for performers is so different from writing for the page.<\/p>\n<h2>You\u2019re working on a number of other film and television projects right now, too\u2014there\u2019s a film based on your novel <em><a href=\"http:\/\/www.amazon.com\/Elliot-Allagash-Novel-Simon-Rich\/dp\/B007MXK92W?tag=longreads-20\">Elliot Allagash<\/a><\/em>, and a TV series based on <em>The Last Girlfriend on Earth<\/em> called <em>Man Seeking Woman<\/em>. Am I missing anything?<\/h2>\n<p>Yeah, but you don\u2019t want to be the guy who\u2014<\/p>\n<h2>No, tell me!<\/h2>\n<p>No, no, as a screenwriter, you never want to be the guy who breaks news. It\u2019s just, it\u2019s unfair.<\/p>\n<h2><em>Oh<\/em>, I thought you meant you didn\u2019t want to be the guy rattling off your list of projects.<\/h2>\n<p>Oh, no, are you crazy? I\u2019d love to brag about every aspect of my life. This is what I live for. If it were up to me, I\u2019d be reading you my shopping list.<\/p>\n<p>&nbsp;<\/p>\n<p><em>Edited by Mike Dang. Photo Credit: Melissa Fuller.<\/em><\/p>\n",
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            "content": "<p><em><strong>Les Roberts &#8211; Freetown, Sierra Leone &#8211; October 11th, 2014<\/strong><\/em><\/p>\n<p>&#8211;<\/p>\n<p>Day 7: Brutal Triage<\/p>\n<p>The prediction landscape is looking bad.\u00a0\u00a0 The official numbers reported are laboratory confirmed cases.\u00a0\u00a0 Typically, we think people need 7-10ish days to become symptomatic. Typically people have symptoms for 7 days before they get into a health facility. A month ago, it was one day, now it typically takes 4 days from when a patient is sampled to when the patient is told the result of their test (and lots get lost and mislabeled\u2026.).\u00a0\u00a0 Thus, the numbers that you hear about new cases today reflect the transmission dynamics from over 2 weeks ago\u2026..and we thought the doubling time of the outbreak was 30 days, it seems to be less than that here.\u00a0\u00a0 We knew the ~350 confirmed cases last week were an undercount\u2026.we now think there are 7-900 in reality.\u00a0\u00a0 The need for hospital beds is climbing more than the ability to get them up and running.\u00a0\u00a0 There might be 200ish ebola treatment beds now countrywide.\u00a0\u00a0 There are perhaps 600 more in \u201cholding areas.\u201d We have schemes to get 500 or 600 ebola treatment beds up and running over the next 8 weeks.\u00a0\u00a0 As Foreign Medical Team Coordinator, helping to get these beds up and supported is one of my primary tasks. If there are really 3000 cases this month, and 6000 next month\u2026with all going perfectly on the treatment bed establishment side, we will have 30% of the beds we need next month, slightly worse than the situation now.<\/p>\n<p>The Ministry of Health and WHO are trying to fill the void with Ebola Community Care Units (ECU\u2019s).\u00a0\u00a0 Tents with eight beds\u2026.maybe two tents, a wet tent (vomit and diarrhea) and a dry tent and a big buffer zone around with a couple latrines and a burning pit and a water supply. They will be staffed by low level health workers or community volunteers, ideally survivors of ebola who will have immunity.\u00a0\u00a0 The idea is that at the first sign of symptoms, the family brings the feverish loved one in. Everyone will be treated with an antimalarial and an antibiotic. If they can be tested for ebola, they will be. If not, they get monitored and if they develop 3 of the key symptoms they get referred to a proper hospital bed\u2026.which will be in short supply\u2026.or otherwise they move to the wet tent. They will be given ORS\u2026.maybe food\u2026.maybe they die, maybe they do not.\u00a0\u00a0 This is very close to no treatment.\u00a0\u00a0 But the goal is to get them out of their houses to where they will be less likely to infect others.\u00a0\u00a0 The supervision will be scant.\u00a0\u00a0 The work for those in the ECU\u2019s will be very risky.\u00a0\u00a0 Even MSF has had several staff infected now and they are hyper-vigilant and resource rich. But the logic is, for every health worker infected or ECU malaria patient who becomes infected with ebola while waiting in such a unit, 2 or three infections that would have happened if the person died at home will not occur.<\/p>\n<p>We aspire that we will have ~150 of these going in 60 days\u2026.which involves a million dollars per unit, major logistic planning and supply chains, site preparation by the community, and well drilling\u2026..this will be a massive effort. But 2000 beds in ECU\u2019s, 700 treatment beds\u2026might be half of what we need by December.\u00a0\u00a0 Thus, barring a dynamic change in the outbreak growth, in November, in December, most cases will likely die at home.<\/p>\n<p>Thus, the CDC has been pushing kits and training messages to promote \u201csafe home care.\u201d The kits would have ORS (a lot\u2026like 20 sachets) and gloves and masks and chlorine and an ORS mixing bottle. The kits\u2019 design is yet to be finalized by the MOH and the international community. The main part of the kit will be messages to the family. Keep the person in a room alone, and no one shares their bathroom. Only have one person deal with them\u2026don\u2019t touch them\u2026wear gloves\u2026wash with chlorine as you exit their room.\u00a0\u00a0 Again, like the ECU\u2019s this is not about treating the ill as much as it is about minimizing infections. The logic flows like this:<\/p>\n<p><img class=\"aligncenter wp-image-10 size-medium\" src=\"https:\/\/pfmhcolumbia.files.wordpress.com\/2014\/10\/untitled.png?w=300&#038;h=224\" alt=\"Interim Ebola Approach\" width=\"300\" height=\"224\" \/><\/p>\n<p>If you think about it a few steps removed from West Africa, this is freakin\u2019 wild. We are primarily trying to facilitate people to die without infecting others.\u00a0\u00a0 Very little of this logic beyond the ORS is about treatment.\u00a0\u00a0 The last year PEPFAR was in full bloom, with all the administrative layers and consultants, it spent $10,000 per patient to have Africans on anti-retrovirals. The rights-based advocates were screaming about how it was only fair that Africans get what Westerners got. In July there was an Onion headline \u201cExperts: Ebola Vaccine At Least 50 White People Away.\u201d <a href=\"http:\/\/www.theonion.com\/articles\/experts-ebola-vaccine-at-least-50-white-people-awa,36580\/\">http:\/\/www.theonion.com\/articles\/experts-ebola-vaccine-at-least-50-white-people-awa,36580\/<\/a>\u00a0\u00a0 It seemed kind of funny then\u2026now that we are being so brutal in our public health triage it is much much less funny\u2026.maybe prophetic.\u00a0\u00a0 We are about to assist thousands and thousands of people to die an excruciating death at home without even the most mild of pain relief. We are going to set up treatment facilities in hundreds of villages for one of the most deadly of diseases to be largely run by volunteers who will be lucky to get 3 days of training. Dozens, perhaps hundreds of them will die. And the most surreal aspect of this triage for me is that I completely think that this is the right thing to do given where we are and the limited ability to respond. As I think about you students reading this I struggle with the degree to which my endorsement of this multipronged approach is pragmatism or wisdom or loss of idealism.<\/p>\n<p>Les<\/p>\n",
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