GET /read/following/

Get a list of posts from the blogs a user follows.

Resource Information

   
Method GET
URL https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1.1/read/following/
Requires authentication? Yes

Query Parameters

Parameter Type Description
http_envelope (bool)
false:
(default)
true:
Some environments (like in-browser JavaScript or Flash) block or divert responses with a non-200 HTTP status code. Setting this parameter will force the HTTP status code to always be 200. The JSON response is wrapped in an "envelope" containing the "real" HTTP status code and headers.
pretty (bool)
false:
(default)
true:
Output pretty JSON
meta (string) Optional. Loads data from the endpoints found in the 'meta' part of the response. Comma-separated list. Example: meta=site,likes
fields (string) Optional. Returns specified fields only. Comma-separated list. Example: fields=ID,title
callback (string) An optional JSONP callback function.
number (int) The number of posts to return. Limit: 40. Default: 10.
page (int) Return the Nth 1-indexed page of posts.
order (string)
DESC:
(default) Return posts in descending order. For dates, that means newest to oldest.
ASC:
Return posts in ascending order. For dates, that means oldest to newest.
after (iso 8601 datetime) Return posts dated after the specified datetime.
before (iso 8601 datetime) Return posts dated before the specified datetime.

Response Parameters

Parameter Type Description
ID (int) The post ID.
site_ID (int) The site ID.
author (object) The author of the post.
date (iso 8601 datetime) The post's creation time.
modified (iso 8601 datetime) The post's most recent update time.
title (html) context dependent.
URL (url) The full permalink URL to the post.
short_URL (url) The wp.me short URL.
content (html) context dependent.
excerpt (html) context dependent.
slug (string) The name (slug) for the post, used in URLs.
guid (string) The GUID for the post.
status (string)
publish:
The post is published.
draft:
The post is saved as a draft.
pending:
The post is pending editorial approval.
private:
The post is published privately
future:
The post is scheduled for future publishing.
trash:
The post is in the trash.
auto-draft:
The post is a placeholder for a new post.
sticky (bool) Is the post sticky?
password (string) The plaintext password protecting the post, or, more likely, the empty string if the post is not password protected.
parent (object|false) A reference to the post's parent, if it has one.
type (string) The post's post_type. Post types besides post, page and revision need to be whitelisted using the rest_api_allowed_post_types filter.
comments_open (bool) Is the post open for comments?
pings_open (bool) Is the post open for pingbacks, trackbacks?
likes_enabled (bool) Is the post open to likes?
sharing_enabled (bool) Should sharing buttons show on this post?
comment_count (int) The number of comments for this post.
like_count (int) The number of likes for this post.
i_like (bool) Does the current user like this post?
is_reblogged (bool) Did the current user reblog this post?
is_following (bool) Is the current user following this blog?
global_ID (string) A unique WordPress.com-wide representation of a post.
featured_image (url) The URL to the featured image for this post if it has one.
post_thumbnail (object) The attachment object for the featured image if it has one.
format (string)
standard:
Standard
aside:
Aside
chat:
Chat
gallery:
Gallery
link:
Link
image:
Image
quote:
Quote
status:
Status
video:
Video
audio:
Audio
geo (object|false)
menu_order (int) (Pages Only) The order pages should appear in.
publicize_URLs (array) Array of Twitter and Facebook URLs published by this post.
tags (object) Hash of tags (keyed by tag name) applied to the post.
categories (object) Hash of categories (keyed by category name) applied to the post.
attachments (object) Hash of post attachments (keyed by attachment ID).
metadata (array) Array of post metadata keys and values. All unprotected meta keys are available by default for read requests. Both unprotected and protected meta keys are available for authenticated requests with access. Protected meta keys can be made available with the rest_api_allowed_public_metadata filter.
meta (object) API result meta data
current_user_can (object) List of permissions. Note, deprecated in favor of `capabilities`
capabilities (object) List of post-specific permissions for the user; publish_post, edit_post, delete_post
date_range (object) date range covered by current results.
number (int) The number of posts brought back by current query.
posts (array) An array of post objects.

Resource Errors

These are the possible errors returned by this endpoint.

HTTP Code Error Identifier Error Message
403 unauthorized User cannot view taxonomy
403 unauthorized User cannot view post
403 authorization_required An active access token must be used to query information about the current user.
403 unauthorized User cannot edit taxonomy
400 invalid_post Invalid post
400 invalid_context Invalid API CONTEXT
403 unauthorized User cannot edit post
404 unknown_post Unknown post

Example

curl \
 -H 'authorization: Bearer YOUR_API_TOKEN' \
 'https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1/read/following/?number=2'
<?php
$options  = array (
  'http' => 
  array (
    'ignore_errors' => true,
    'header' => 
    array (
      0 => 'authorization: Bearer YOUR_API_TOKEN',
    ),
  ),
);

$context  = stream_context_create( $options );
$response = file_get_contents(
	'https://public-api.wordpress.com/rest/v1/read/following/?number=2',
	false,
	$context
);
$response = json_decode( $response );
?>

Response

{
    "date_range": {
        "before": "2017-05-24T16:00:39-04:00",
        "after": "2017-05-24T15:25:56-04:00"
    },
    "number": 2,
    "posts": [
        {
            "ID": 72221,
            "site_ID": 70135762,
            "author": {
                "ID": 59178673,
                "login": "kgavino",
                "email": false,
                "name": "Kate Gavino",
                "first_name": "Kate",
                "last_name": "Gavino",
                "nice_name": "kgavino",
                "URL": "",
                "avatar_URL": "https:\/\/2.gravatar.com\/avatar\/e0dbdfe055938e3587ddd23653beadaf?s=96&d=identicon&r=G",
                "profile_URL": "https:\/\/en.gravatar.com\/kgavino",
                "site_ID": 70135762
            },
            "date": "2017-05-24T16:00:39-04:00",
            "modified": "2017-05-24T14:57:01-04:00",
            "title": "Forgotten Women Writers: A Reading List",
            "URL": "http:\/\/longreads.com\/2017\/05\/24\/forgotten-women-writers\/",
            "short_URL": "http:\/\/wp.me\/p4KhvY-iMR",
            "content": "<p>For every Edith Wharton and Jane Austen, there are numerous women writers whose works aren\u2019t found in the typical literary canon or school-required reading list. I\u2019ve come across a handful of people who claim to be die-hard Anita Brookner or Theresa Hak Kyung Cha fans; these writers instill a certain kind of fervor among their devotees. It\u2019s as if the authors themselves had reached out from the bookshelf and chosen their readers rather than the other way around. Their relative obscurity is what makes their fans so passionate — these are voices that never quite found the right audience when they were alive. <\/p>\n<p>Perhaps now, thanks to the megaphone of the internet, they\u2019ll find their disciples with a bit more ease. These five stories focus on women whose work has been overlooked, forgotten, or misinterpreted.<\/p>\n<h2>1. <a href=\"https:\/\/www.theparisreview.org\/interviews\/2630\/anita-brookner-the-art-of-fiction-no-98-anita-brookner\">“Anita Brookner, The Art of Fiction No. 98.”<\/a> (Shusha Guppy, Paris Review, Fall 1987)<\/h2>\n<p>British novelist Anita Brookner was often accused of writing the same story over and over again: tales of quiet, middle-class desperation and loneliness. But this dismissal is hardly noticed by those who relate to her quiet, fiercely independent characters. \u201cIt is my contention that Aesop was writing for the tortoise market,\u201d Brookner explains. \u201cHares have no time to read — they are too busy winning the game!\u201d<\/p>\n<h2>2. <a href=\"http:\/\/www.newyorker.com\/books\/page-turner\/the-forgotten-work-of-jessie-redmon-fauset\">“The Forgotten Work of Jessie Redmon Fauset.”<\/a> (Morgan Jerkins, The New Yorker, February 2017)<\/h2>\n<p>The questions that American novelist Jessie Redmon Fauset\u2019s work raises are just as relevant today as they were during the Harlem Renaissance. \u201cDoes a black artist have to reflect the larger ideals of his or her community? Is individuality reserved for white people?\u201d<\/p>\n<h2>3. <a href=\"http:\/\/www.uncoveredclassics.com\/2016\/03\/24\/the-fight-against-silence-in-theresa-hak-kyung-chas-dictee\/\">“The Fight Against Silence in Theresa Hak Kyung Cha\u2019s Dict\u00e9e.”<\/a> (Sophia Usow, Uncovered Classics, March 2016)<\/h2>\n<p>At <em>Uncovered Classics<\/em>, Sophia Usow examines Korean American writer Theresa Hak Kyung Cha\u2019s 1982 novel, <i>Dict\u00e9e<\/i>. \u201cWhat is most haunting about <i>Dict\u00e9e<\/i>, other than its many martyr narratives and Cha\u2019s own untimely death, is a recurrent theme of urgency, an insistent \u2018fever to tell\u2019 that would make Karen O\u2019s forehead cool in comparison. There seems to be something biting at her heels as she writes, a prescient fear of being silenced.\u201d<\/p>\n<h2>4. <a href=\"http:\/\/www.telegraph.co.uk\/culture\/books\/7398341\/Zoe-Heller-on-Nancy-Mitford.html\">“Zo\u00eb Heller on Nancy Mitford.”<\/a>\u00a0(Zo\u00eb Heller, The Telegraph, March 2010)<\/h2>\n<p>Zo\u00eb Heller writes that the subjects of Nancy Mitford\u2019s novels \u201ccondemn [them] to inconsequentiality.\u201d But among the parties, courtships, and the witty asides, Heller finds a level of calculated discretion in Mitford\u2019s prose that elevates it to the discerning reader.<\/p>\n<h2>5. <a href=\"http:\/\/common-place.org\/book\/lost-no-more-recovering-frances-ellen-watkins-harpers-forest-leaves\">“Lost no More: Recovering Frances Ellen Watkins Harper\u2019s* Forest Leaves.”<\/a> (Johanna Ortner, Common-Place, Summer 2015)<\/h2>\n<p>Johanna Ortner shares her research and rediscovery of <i>Forest Leaves<\/i>, Frances Harper’s lost collection of poetry from before she became one of the famous black women activists of the 19th century.<\/p>\n",
            "excerpt": "<p>Kate Gavino shares five stories about forgotten women authors, from Anita Brookner to Nancy Mitford.<\/p>\n",
            "slug": "forgotten-women-writers",
            "guid": "http:\/\/longreads.com\/?p=72221",
            "status": "publish",
            "sticky": false,
            "password": "",
            "parent": false,
            "type": "post",
            "comments_open": false,
            "pings_open": true,
            "likes_enabled": true,
            "sharing_enabled": true,
            "comment_count": 0,
            "like_count": 116,
            "i_like": false,
            "is_reblogged": false,
            "is_following": true,
            "global_ID": "a069daeaed0446e23b45f63d0f70f1ad",
            "featured_image": "https:\/\/longreadsblog.files.wordpress.com\/2017\/05\/anita2.jpg",
            "post_thumbnail": {
                "ID": 72203,
                "URL": "https:\/\/longreadsblog.files.wordpress.com\/2017\/05\/anita2.jpg",
                "guid": "http:\/\/longreadsblog.files.wordpress.com\/2017\/05\/anita2.jpg",
                "mime_type": "image\/jpeg",
                "width": 3531,
                "height": 2608
            },
            "format": "standard",
            "geo": false,
            "menu_order": 0,
            "publicize_URLs": [],
            "tags": {
                "Anita Brookner": {
                    "ID": 1329269,
                    "name": "Anita Brookner",
                    "slug": "anita-brookner",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:anita-brookner",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:anita-brookner\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "authors": {
                    "ID": 726,
                    "name": "authors",
                    "slug": "authors",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 14,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:authors",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:authors\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "forgotten": {
                    "ID": 178176,
                    "name": "forgotten",
                    "slug": "forgotten",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:forgotten",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:forgotten\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Frances Harper": {
                    "ID": 3892748,
                    "name": "Frances Harper",
                    "slug": "frances-harper",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:frances-harper",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:frances-harper\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Jessie Redmon Fauset": {
                    "ID": 13786905,
                    "name": "Jessie Redmon Fauset",
                    "slug": "jessie-redmon-fauset",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:jessie-redmon-fauset",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:jessie-redmon-fauset\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Nancy Mitford": {
                    "ID": 5605881,
                    "name": "Nancy Mitford",
                    "slug": "nancy-mitford",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:nancy-mitford",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:nancy-mitford\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "obscure": {
                    "ID": 36991,
                    "name": "obscure",
                    "slug": "obscure",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:obscure",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:obscure\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Theresa Hak Kyung Cha": {
                    "ID": 1796090,
                    "name": "Theresa Hak Kyung Cha",
                    "slug": "theresa-hak-kyung-cha",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 1,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:theresa-hak-kyung-cha",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:theresa-hak-kyung-cha\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "underrepresented authors": {
                    "ID": 546690301,
                    "name": "underrepresented authors",
                    "slug": "underrepresented-authors",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 3,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:underrepresented-authors",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:underrepresented-authors\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "women": {
                    "ID": 598,
                    "name": "women",
                    "slug": "women",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 29,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:women",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:women\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "women writers": {
                    "ID": 587920,
                    "name": "women writers",
                    "slug": "women-writers",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 5,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:women-writers",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:women-writers\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "writing by women": {
                    "ID": 13196532,
                    "name": "writing by women",
                    "slug": "writing-by-women",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 3,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:writing-by-women",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/tags\/slug:writing-by-women\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                }
            },
            "categories": {
                "Books": {
                    "ID": 178,
                    "name": "Books",
                    "slug": "books",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 213,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:books",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:books\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Culture": {
                    "ID": 1098,
                    "name": "Culture",
                    "slug": "culture",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 60,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:culture",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:culture\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Nonfiction": {
                    "ID": 35009777,
                    "name": "Nonfiction",
                    "slug": "nonfiction-2",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 2367,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:nonfiction-2",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:nonfiction-2\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Reading List": {
                    "ID": 7814148,
                    "name": "Reading List",
                    "slug": "reading-list-2",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 462,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:reading-list-2",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:reading-list-2\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "Writing": {
                    "ID": 349,
                    "name": "Writing",
                    "slug": "writing",
                    "description": "",
                    "post_count": 15,
                    "parent": 0,
                    "meta": {
                        "links": {
                            "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:writing",
                            "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/categories\/slug:writing\/help",
                            "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762"
                        }
                    }
                }
            },
            "attachments": {},
            "metadata": [
                {
                    "id": "367152",
                    "key": "geo_public",
                    "value": "0"
                },
                {
                    "id": "367151",
                    "key": "_thumbnail_id",
                    "value": "72203"
                }
            ],
            "meta": {
                "links": {
                    "self": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/posts\/72221",
                    "help": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/posts\/72221\/help",
                    "site": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762",
                    "replies": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/posts\/72221\/replies\/",
                    "likes": "https:\/\/public-api.wordpress.com\/rest\/v1\/sites\/70135762\/posts\/72221\/likes\/"
                }
            },
            "current_user_can": {
                "publish_post": false,
                "delete_post": false,
                "edit_post": false
            },
            "capabilities": {
                "publish_post": false,
                "delete_post": false,
                "edit_post": false
            },
            "pseudo_ID": "a069daeaed0446e23b45f63d0f70f1ad",
            "is_external": false,
            "site_name": "Longreads",
            "site_URL": "http:\/\/longreads.com",
            "site_is_private": false,
            "featured_media": {},
            "feed_ID": 22973954
        },
        {
            "ID": 72243,
            "site_ID": 70135762,
            "author": {
                "ID": 22917495,
                "login": "heymarkarms",
                "email": false,
                "name": "Mark Armstrong",
                "first_name": "Mark",
                "last_name": "Armstrong",
                "nice_name": "heymarkarms",
                "URL": "https:\/\/markarms.blog\/",
                "avatar_URL": "https:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/19f62880113934b262c0bbb597644adb?s=96&d=identicon&r=G",
                "profile_URL": "https:\/\/en.gravatar.com\/heymarkarms",
                "site_ID": 66671758
            },
            "date": "2017-05-24T15:25:56-04:00",
            "modified": "2017-05-24T17:40:08-04:00",
            "title": "Betsy DeVos\u2019s Cynical Defense of the Trump Education Budget Cuts",
            "URL": "http:\/\/longreads.com\/2017\/05\/24\/betsy-devos-cynical-defense-of-the-trump-education-budget-cuts\/",
            "short_URL": "http:\/\/wp.me\/p4KhvY-iNd",
            "content": "<p>Early in Betsy DeVos\u2019s testimony before Congress on Wednesday we got to see how the Education Secretary can magically turn less money into \u201cmore latitude.\u201d<\/p>\n<p>In her <a href=\"https:\/\/www.washingtonpost.com\/local\/education\/devos-to-testify-on-trumps-budget-her-first-time-before-congress-since-rocky-confirmation-hearing\/2017\/05\/23\/db2934e8-3fe2-11e7-adba-394ee67a7582_story.html\">opening remarks to a House Appropriations subcommittee<\/a>, DeVos, argued that the budget \u2014 which proposes cutting Department of Education programs by more than $10 billion \u2014 represents a rethinking of the role of the federal government in education, giving states and communities greater control and freedom in how they serve students and families. DeVos\u2019s \u201ccontrol and freedom\u201d narrative includes a proposed $250 million for school vouchers, which diverts money to private and religious schools.\u00a0<\/p>\n<p>Early in the testimony, Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.) asked DeVos why she wants to slash funding for teachers\u2019 professional development: \u201cThey have either hit all the benchmarks, or they are doing so poorly there\u2019s no need to invest in them.\u201d Which category, DeLauro asked, do these teachers fall into?<\/p>\n<p>DeVos demurred, saying the program funding was not substantial enough to make a real impact, and that states and local agencies are better suited for these programs \u201cas they have great latitude with how to designate other funding sources.\u201d\u00a0<em>You see, by cutting funding, it’s freeing for the states!<\/em><\/p>\n<p>DeLauro summed up the situation quite plainly: \u201cYou can\u2019t do more with less. You do less with less.\u201d<\/p>\n<p>The <em>Washington Post<\/em> has <a href=\"https:\/\/www.washingtonpost.com\/local\/education\/trumps-first-full-education-budget-deep-cuts-to-public-school-programs-in-pursuit-of-school-choice\/2017\/05\/17\/2a25a2cc-3a41-11e7-8854-21f359183e8c_story.html?utm_term=.280076416e1a\">outlined the full list of proposed education cuts<\/a>, including initiatives for after-school programs, special education, and college financial aid and work-study programs:<\/p>\n<blockquote><p>The documents obtained by the Post \u2014 dated May 23, the day the president\u2019s budget is expected to be released \u2014 outline the rest of the cuts, including a $15 million program that provides child care for low-income parents in college; a $27 million arts education program; two programs targeting Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian students, totaling $65 million; two international education and foreign language programs, $72 million; a $12 million program for gifted students; and $12 million for Special Olympics education programs.<\/p>\n<p>Other programs would not be eliminated entirely, but would be cut significantly. Those include grants to states for career and technical education, which would lose $168 million, down 15 percent compared to current funding; adult basic literacy instruction, which would lose $96 million (down 16 percent); and Promise Neighborhoods, an Obama-era initiative meant to build networks of support for children in needy communities, which would lose $13 million (down 18 percent).<\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p>If we are to take DeVos at her word \u2014 that these cuts are\u00a0about empowering local control of schools, versus undermining them \u2014 the department\u00a0could find ways to\u00a0shift these federal funds straight to the states and local agencies that need them. Instead the budget, and DeVos’s weak defense of it, is the equivalent of firing public school teachers and telling them to look on the bright side: at least they’ll get more vacation time.<\/p>\n<p>As it turns out, DeVos’s dream of total “latitude” for states also means she’s not going to protect students and families from discrimination. Witness this exchange between DeVos and Rep. Katherine Clark, who asked whether DeVos would allow religious schools receiving federal voucher money to discriminate against LGBTQ families and students:<\/p>\n<div class=\"embed-twitter\">\n<blockquote class=\"twitter-tweet\" data-width=\"500\">\n<p lang=\"en\" dir=\"ltr\">.<a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/RepKClark\">@RepKClark<\/a> to Sec. DeVos: \u201cI am shocked that you cannot come up with one example of discrimination that you would stand up for students.\u201d <a href=\"https:\/\/t.co\/9yns8Np6hz\">pic.twitter.com\/9yns8Np6hz<\/a><\/p>\n<p>&mdash; CSPAN (@cspan) <a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/cspan\/status\/867425942624509953\">May 24, 2017<\/a><\/p><\/blockquote>\n<p><script async src=\"\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script><\/div>\n<p>DeVos refused to answer the question. Said Clark: “I am shocked that you cannot come up with one example of discrimination that you would stand up for students.”\u00a0In this absurd version of real life, we will eventually reach the point where true freedom means children fending for themselves.<\/p>\n<p><strong>Further reading:<\/strong><\/p>\n<ul>\n<li>“<a href=\"http:\/\/www.freep.com\/story\/opinion\/columnists\/stephen-henderson\/2016\/12\/03\/betsy-devos-education-donald-trump\/94728574\/\">Betsy DeVos and the Twilight of Public Education” (<em>Detroit Free Press<\/em>, December 2016)<\/a><\/li>\n<li>“<a href=\"http:\/\/www.politico.com\/magazine\/story\/2017\/01\/betsy-dick-devos-family-amway-michigan-politics-religion-214631\">How Betsy DeVos Used God and Amway to Take Over Michigan Politics” (Politico, January 2017)<\/a><\/li>\n<li>“<a href=\"http:\/\/www.nybooks.com\/articles\/2016\/12\/08\/when-public-goes-private-as-trump-wants-what-happens\/\">When Public Goes Private, as Trump Wants: What Happens?” (Diane Ravitch, <em>New York Review of Books<\/em>, December 2016)<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n",
            "excerpt": "<p>The Education Secretary makes the case before Congress that \u201cless money\u201d becomes \u201cmore latitude.\u201d<\/p>\n",
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